Thursday, February 28, 2019

Job Interview Speech Outline

Specific Purpose To inform my audience how to effectively mathematical function verbal and sign(a) communication in a business organization interview. organisational Pattern Time Introduction Attention- Getting Opening If you had a job interview tomorrow, whats going to be the main thing streak through your mind? For most people, its the questions they are going to pack. line of products seekers spend most of their time rehearsing questions and answers in advance to not withdraw caught off guard lonesome(prenominal) if in reality, the difference between shellting the job or not understructure be not from what you say, but how you say it and what your eubstance is communicating.You give the bounce say many wonderful things close yourself, but your body phraseology or speaking means whitethorn say otherwise. Preview These are the three key points to effectively apply verbal and nonverbal communication in a job interview. 1. You moldiness show confident, comfort, and hold body language. 2. You should use a professional and well-bred speaking style. 3. You should cloak appropriately and moderate. convert To begin with Body I. You must(prenominal) show confident, calm, and moderate body language. A. First Impressions 1. Make a calm and confident entrance a.Over 90% of our communication is nonverbal, according to body language expert Susan Constantine (6) b. You never know who is watching. c. The interview starts even before you get to the interview room 2. Waiting a. Sit up straight and federal agency open b. arrogatet have too many things on your lap 3. haveshake a. Dont overdo the death grip. tone down but assertive. b. Slightly submissive c. Prepare belongings to your left to easily shake with right hand. B. Starting the interview 1. Use open body language a. Sit up straight, displaying your neck and torso. b.Avoid expecting closed off. c. personal line of credit search expert Amanda Augustine says to avoid overcorrecting as dispos ition back can be seen as boredom or lack of interest, but leaning too forward can be seen as threatening (2) 2. Hand gestures a. Natural and open hand placement b. Dont seem closed off by putting them in pockets, behind your back, or crossing your arms. c. Above desk and below collarbone to appear calm and not frantic. 3. Eye contact a. Locking piths for too long can be seen as creepy and aggressive. b. Its okay to break eye contact when appropriate. C. Departing . Gather yourself calmly and smoothly 2. Shaking hands Transition straight that weve talked about body language, lets see how the right smart you say things is just as important as what youre axiom II. You should use a professional and well-mannered speaking style. A. Speaking style 1. Pace a. refers to the speed of delivery b. speak at a expeditious pace that is neither too fast or slow c. snuff it light and relaxed like a normal conversation. 2. Volume d. Maintain comfortable volume e. Match the interviewers volum e f. Sound authoritative confident 3. earnestness g. efers to the energy and passion in your voice h. show your interest 4. variate i. Dont sound monotone or boring j. metamorphose the speed and tempo, or even volume. 5. Pronunciation k. Be articulate l. Dont mumble and pronounce all words clearly 6. Pausing m. truncated gaps when you speak allow the interviewer to absorb what you say and give them the opportunity to ask additional questions without picking you. n. Avoid vocal fillers. B. Listening 1. Dont interrupt 2. Let the interviewer lead the interview 3. Ask for clarification Transition Now on to the easiest part.Look good But dont overdo it. III. You should lay out appropriately and moderate. A. nonprogressive 1. Limited jewelry 2. Solid colors 3. Conservative tie, blouse, shoes, etc. 4. According to Kim Zoller at Image Dynamics, 55% of another persons light of you is based on how you look. (3) B. Presentability 1. Neatly ironed and pressed clothing 2. Fits right 3. Grooming a. Hair b. nails Transition Now instead of worrying only on what youre going to say, I youll all remember how nonverbal communication, the way you speak, actually play a bigger role than you thought.Conclusion compendium Today we have larn how to effectively use verbal and nonverbal communication in a job interview. 1. You must show confident, calm, and moderate body language. 2. You should use a professional and well-mannered speaking style. 3. You should dress appropriately and moderate. Memorable Concluding Remarks Now, I hope weve all learned and realized that what you say is only one of the many factors in getting the job and that body language, speaking style, and how you dress is just as important, if not even more so.Next time you get a chance at a new job dont spend so much time creating the perfect answers to those tricky questions. Its not what you say, its how you say it. Remain calm, confident, and let your body do the talking. References Cited 1. Ordona, Ro bert. Email to a Friend. Effective Body Language in a Job reference. Monster, xxxssssxn. d. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. 2. Casserly, Meghan. 10 Body Language Tics That Could Cost You The Interview. Forbes. sssssssssForbes Magazine, 26 Sept. 2012. Web. 20 Feb. 2013. 3. Doyle, Alison. preparation ForA Success. About. om Job Searching. About, n. d. Web. 20 eeeeeeeeFeb. 2013. 4. Potthit, Carma. communicatory Communication Skills Interview Tips. Resume. Lifetips, n. d. Web. dddddd20 Feb. 2013. 5. Jones, Adwoa. Making Your Verbal Communication Count In The Job Interview. Crystal ssssssssClear Interviews Job Interviews How To Interview For A Job Job Interview ssssssssQuestions Answers and Tips RSS. Crystal Clear Interview, 28 July 2012. Web. 20 ssssssssFeb. 2013. 6. Roney, Luke. 7 Signals to Send During Your Next Job Interview. US news RSS. US 222222News, 28 Feb. 2012. Web. 20 Feb. 2013.

Cell Phones: How Have They Changed Us Socially Essay

carrel anticipates progress to been c aloneed one of the most technologically persuasive influences over recent decades (Addo 2013). No matter where one looks, he or she can see batch using their tele calls in one way or another. The cell phone has become an essential communication tool that is universe used worldwide. tally to Pew Research, cell phones be now being used by 91% of adults in 2013 (Brenner 2013). The research also states that 56% of American adults fork up smartphones. Pew Research even conducted a survey which indicates that youth ages 12-17 fix up their cell phone adoption at 78% (and 37% of all teens guard a smartphone) (Brenner 2013). It is hard to imagine our lives without cell phones, and it wasnt very long ago that they were introduced to society. The history of the cell phone goes plunk for forty years. The first cell phone was created by Martin Cooper of Motorola. He made his first wireless phone call on April 3, 1973, to his opponent Joe Engel, head of research of Bell Labs (Buck 2013). The phone Cooper used weighed 2.5 pounds it was ten-spot inches long and it had a battery life of only twenty minutes. In 1983, the first cell phone (Motorola Dynatac 8000X) was sold to the public.The price tag for the phone was a staggering $3,995.00. Over the passing years, the size of cell phones view become smaller and the price tags for these devices have also decreased. Smart phones argon the most popular type of cells phones in current public circulation. In 1983, cell phones were designed for one purpose only to make phone calls. In present beats, smart phones be capable of performing a number of different functions. They allow users to not only make phones calls, but also to send text messages and picture texts, send and receive emails, have face-time, play music and games, and access the internet. There atomic number 18 new versions of phones being released yearly and the technology is growing just as rapidly. Cell phones are having an impact on society in terms of creating an informative, connected, culturally advanced society, and are also impacting personal lives of users in many ways including time use, privacy, safety and individuality. One positive impact cell phones have on society isthe exponent to keep in touch with family and friends.Another is the ability to be more aware of what is happening in the world close to us (by access to the internet). One of the negative impacts are the effects of texting and driving. This is specially common among teenage drivers. Another negative affect is several plurality are overusing, misusing, and even abusing their use of cell phones. However, when used responsibly, cell phones are a very important and necessary factor of todays society. Cell phones have an effect on the way that individuals function in society, and while there has not been a lot of research on the effects of cell phone use, it has both positive and negative consequences (Addo 2013). C ell phones, in their short time of existence, have changed the way in which individuals are interacting with each other. Cell phones have allowed social networks and relationships to be strengthened as well as new relationships to be formed (Addo 2013). They have provided avenues for individuals to stick around connected on a new level that does not count on on space and time, but is readily accessible at anytime, anywhere. whole kit CitedAddo, Augustine. The adoption of mobile phone How has it changes us socially? Issues in transmission line Management and Ecomonics, 1(3). p. 47-60. 2013. Web. Buck, Stephanie. Cell-ebration 40 years of cellphone history.http// 2013. Web. Brenner, Joanna. Pew Internet Mobile. http// input/2012/february/Pew-Internet-Mobile.aspx. 2013. Web.

Wednesday, February 27, 2019

Developmental Psychology and Age Range

Criteria Grading Criteria Guidance E1 Describe the checkment of children in a selected time range and in devil (2) Choose unitary (1) jump on range and TWO (2) areas of training. Describe how areas of instruction children usually develop in this age range. E2 Describe the development of children in a selected age range, different Choose a different age range and draw and quarter how children usually develop in from E1 and in TWO (2) areas of development this age range in the same TWO (2) chosen areas of development as in E1.E3 Explain TWO (2) theoretical perspectives relevant to the areas of Show how TWO (2) different theoretical perspectives link to the chosen areas development of development draw in E1 and E2. E4 allow lead (3) manifestations as appendices Carry out THREE (3) observations of the same child in ONE (1) of the age ranges chosen for E1 or E2. If, eg the chosen area of development is physical development, the 3 observations could be on fine ram skills, gross motor skills, balance and co-ordination.If communication and phraseology development is chosen, the 3 observations could be on listening, speaking and reading and writing. accept these observations in an appendix to the assignment. E5 Identify and use THREE (3) different observation techniques Name and use THREE (3) different observation techniques for the observations in E4, eg written narrative, free description, checklist etc. E6 Explain how to maintain confidentiality doneout the observation leave alone easy details about how to keep the identity of the child, the setting and the knowledge gathered by the observations confidential.E7 Show an understanding of diversity and inclusive radiation diagram A clear understanding of diversity and inclusive practice should be shown. Evidence should be holdd within the assignment to show that you cognise and value difference and plan to find out the individualist needs of children and their families. E8 Include references and a bibliography At least TWO (2) references must be do in the text to relevant books, articles, magazines or websites. These are sources of randomness and the sources use should be listed at the end of the assignment in a bibliography.Sources of range reading can also be included in the bibliography. For more than information, see Finding the Level. Criteria Grading Criteria Guidance D1 Discuss the childs needs in relation to the selected area of development Use the observations in E4 to identify the individual needs of the observed child in that chosen area of development. When identifying needs, recollect developmental norms, the age/stage of the child, the individual circumstances, eg The observations show that tiddler X is not yet confident about climbing. This may be because.D2 Explain how the observations can be used to support planning to meet the Using the observations in E4, give examples of ways the observations provide childs needs information and evidence to support planning. This may include evaluation of evidence, making individual, dead term and long term plans, identifying a childs preferences, partnership with parents, and practical ideas for activities to boost development, eg a visit to the park would provide lots of space for Child X to run, climb and use the equipment which would help her to develop gross motor skills and confidence.C1 Analyse the issues which are essential to confidentiality and objective A development of E6. A dilate consideration of confidentiality and objective observation observation. This may include such issues as sharing information, safe storage of information, working with parents, jural requirements, policies and procedures, personal attitudes and values. B1 Reflect on the implications for practice of the assessment of children entail about how assessment of children through observation may require the through observation practitioner to consider their practice.Your response may include issues of reliab leness and validity, appropriate observation techniques, implications for planning, legal requirements and working with parents and other professionals. A esteem the influence of theoretical perspectives on aspects of practice Make a detailed consideration from more than one perspective of some of the which affect the development of children principal theories in relation to child development and show clear understanding of how these have informed and influenced current practice which affects the development of children.

Prove or conversely disprove the inverse square law Essay

My aim of this experiment is to prove or conversely disprove the inverse agora law, which simply states that the intensity of every period artificial lake, which spreads its influence equally in all directions with divulge a destine to its range, go away precipitate in intensity inversely proportional to the full-blooded of the remoteness. Background information Research As first proposed by Isaac normality when proposing his universal law of gravitation it became clear to him that the intensity of gravity would decrease according to the inverse of the jog of the outmatch.This is the heart of the inverse true, which states for any point source, which spreads its influence equally in all directions without a limit to its range, will obey the inverse square law. Quite simply the inverse square law states that for sources emitted from a point the intensity will be deduced as the inverse of the square of the distance. You double the distance you reduce the intensity by a facto r of 1/4. This has applications in electric stadiums, light, sound, gamma radiation, and gravity. all told of these are expressed in the medium of a field. To explain the properties multiform in a field it is useful to use the idea of flux.When water supply flows form a source to a sink it is transferred at a certain rate, or flux. The flux density will be the tidy sum of water per second crossing a unit area vertical to the flow. We can think of energy density in a corresponding way. Energy flux density is normally referred to as intensity. Field chroma and energy flux density are related. The force of a field will fall off proportionally. The idea of flux can be applied to fields in which there is no obvious proof for anything actually being transferred, such as static electrical fields, gravitative fields and magnetic fields.The mathematics that model flux are the resembling whatever the field. Generally this can be summed up in a formula which states the intensity at a point on a sphere of influence will be deduced by the source strength divided by 4 times pi times the wheel spoke squared, where this is the surface area over which the initial source has spread its influence. I = S / 4? r2 This formula manifests itself in a concoction of ways when put into context. When applied to gravity the formula to show the acceleration due to gravity at the surface of a body is, 4? GM = Intensity at the surface of sphere of influence.Where G is the gravitative constant, M the mass of the object, and r the distance from the centre point. By cancelling out the 4? section we are left with the more elegant formula, GM = acceleration due to gravity r2 Where acceleration due to gravity would be equivalent to the intensity of the source. As the distance is doubled, the intensity is reduced by a factor of 4. So theoretically gravity obeys the inverse square law. When applied to sound we get the formula, P = I 4? r2 Where P is the source power, I the intensity at surface of sphere, and r the distance from the source power.So again we try out that as we double the distance we reduce the intensity by a factor of 4. The differce here that as sound is not of ethereal nature it is affected by its milieu and only works without reflections, or reverberations. The behaviour of point charges in an static field will obey coulombs law, which in turn obeys the inverse square law. The formula here is, Q = E 4 0 r2 Where Q/? 0 is the source strength, E is the strength of the electrostatic field, and r is the distance. So again we see that as the distance is doubled, the intensity of the field is reduced by a factor of four.

Tuesday, February 26, 2019

Death Changes Everything Essay

As mankind beings live on, each experience takes a different effect. Some events cornerstone bring joy to a individuals life, but separate events allow us to gravel grief-stricken. People have different ways to handle all the stressful situations that occur in their lives. Death challenges our qualification to remain unchanged. No matter whom the person has lost, they become takeed by their nonexistence. Through the life-changing event of death, many changes arise as a get off result of the loss.After losing a loved one or mortal close, anger set abouts to boil inside. The death reminds us that we remain living. Some begin to wonder why they can not the replace the one who died. The person who changes the most experiences the transition from living life with someone to suffering the personal effects of the death. Anger forms inside and soon after depression follows.Throughout the correct experience of mourning a death, the feeling of loneliness and depression stalks all daily action, affecting the person negatively. Remaining isolated during such a difficult time affects the persons mental health. Although the thoughts of having a soft place seem comforting, that exact comfort can become something that negatively affects the way a person maneuvers all the changes that take place during the transition. A persons mental health can reach a new low during the stage of depression, ultimately leading to the final stage. bankers acceptance could possibly revive a persons outlook on life.After a person experiences the loss of someone close to them, the hold out challenge that a person must overcome may become recognized as acceptance. The realization a person embraces as a result to death acts as a great teacher. Life gains a new meaning and somehow motivates a person to live in a more satisfying life. Acceptance allows a person to boasting the positive effects of death. Each stage of grieving changes death and creates a less dramatic change for a pers on.Death can affect a person negatively or positively. A person experiences many steps while mourning their loss and each step assists them to lastly accept the fact that they have lost a close title-holder but their life still remains. Some stages of grieving effect a person differently. People control the way they respond to such a life-changing event. Throughout the grieving process many changes arise which affect a person as a direct result of death.

Political Power in the Prince by Machiavelli Essay

Machiavelli argues in another major work that the purpose of political sympathies is to promote a super C obedient. How does this statement relate to the ideas Machiavelli presents in The Prince?The fact that two of Machiavellis greatest and most famous works on political mightiness came into being thanks to the downfall of his own political career is preferably ironic. More ironic however is the way he contradicts his statements in distributively book close the purpose of political queen. As previously stated, match little of Machiavellis major works, referring directly to The Discourses on Livy (1517), argues that the purpose of political part is to promote a joint good. Meanwhile, The Prince presents a regulater less worried about the common good and more concerned about maintaining and expanding political power at all costs.Laws make men good, states Machiavelli in book one of the discourses, after a long explanation about how men created administration to create or der. At first men searched for the strongest and bravest among them to stoop him into a leader they could obey. Machiavelli then says From this beginning came recognition of what is proper and good, as opposed to what is pernicious and wicked. However, as time went on, the battalion became harder to satisfy and politics became more complicated.New forms of government and laws were created in order to keep the people in order be take a crap as he states in The Discourses men bequeath never be good, except by necessity. Simple leadership became the tyrants he promotes in The Prince. They sought to be feared by their people in order to be obeyed and maintain power. In The Prince the leader is no seven-day the strongest and the bravest, but the prudent, more astute. The leader is one that can predict things much(prenominal) as tr each(prenominal)ery and conspiracy and end it before it can cause further problems in his government.The Prince discusses many ways for an astute leader to rule his state and maybe one or two of these promote the common good of the people, and it isnt even actual common good. In The prince, the fashion of a common good is more important than having it as a reality. A ruler must appear to be honest and good but doesnt necessarily piss to be. I believe the coincidence between Machiavellis two texts on the purpose of political power is that one describes what politics were made to be while the other discusses what they have actually come to be and how to keep them that way.Instead of a common good it goes more along the lines of what is good for the ruler. While the statements contradict each other more than once, I believe the texts to be somewhat complementary color in the sense that alone, they each give a different brass or view of what politics actually are, while reading them both(prenominal) gives the reader an expanded, more complete understanding, not only on what politics are and how to maintain that political power, bu t also on why it has to be that way for the good of the people.

Monday, February 25, 2019

Dakota Office Products Case Essay

1 Dakota current apportions warehousing, distribution and order entranceway greet equally to individually customer. DOPs pricing system is generally independent of the specific take of service provided for customers. They just chose a single appeal drive. However, its not believable and proper to consumption this simple method to analyze live when comprises are much complex. So we need to use employment- found live system to chose different cost drives and allocate costs based on the activity.2 We identify four different activities for all costs, order intervention cost, ship cartonful cost or normal commercial dispatch cost, desktop hold openy cost, and order processing cost.As we noticed, the distribution common snapping turtle team reported 90% of their workers proceed carton in and divulge of facility. So, the lend cost for order handling is $4,160,000, which is the sum of 90% of store force out cost and warehouse expenses (excluding personnel). This cost entirely depends on the human action of cartons moved in and out of storage. So the total handling cost need to be allocated by the number of cartons processed in social class 2000, which is 80,000 cartons. Then we repel the all overhead set up for handling cost that is $52.00 per carton. We only have the freight cost that is associated with normal shipment. We divide total cost $450,000 by the number of carton shipped only through normal shipment, which is 750,000 cartons. Then, we get the overhead sum up for ship carton, which is $6.00 per carton.We also have desktop gestate option for customer. The total cost for 2000 delivers during 2012 is the sum of 10% of warehouse personnel expense and delivery truck expenses, which is $440,000. The overhead rate for desktop deliver is $220 per deliver. As order processing cost, we use weight bonny method, based on the hour used to divide this cost into three part, manual(a) order limitation, pull in times manual order and EDI che cks. We calculate total cost for manual order limitation $160,000 and it had 16,000 orders. So the overhead rate for manual order limitation is $10 per order. do cost for production declination items is $600,000 and it had total 150,000 businesss. The overhead rate for line item is $4 per line item. Total cost for EDI checks is 400,000 and it had 8,000 checks. The overhead rate for EDI check is $ 50 per order.3 According to the Exhibit 3, we find the number of apiece activity provided to customers A and B during year 2000. We use these number multiplies each overhead rate to get overhead costs for each activity. For customer A, we have primitive gross clear margin $18,000 and other costs including, order handing cost $10,400, ship carton cost $1,200, manual order cost $60, line items $240, and EDI orders cost $300. node A also has stake expense based on his average accounts receivable within 30 days, which is $9,000 and annual interest rate is 10%. Therefore, the interes t expense for customer A is $75. We use gross margin $18,000 subtracts total other cost including interest expense $12,275 to get profit for customer A, which is $5,725. We use the same method to get gross margin for customer B is $19,000 and total other cost including interest expense is $19,020. So customer B loses $20.4 Customer A use normal shipment and most of orders are EDI orders. These two could save more spend and is more profitable for the company. However, customer B have 25 desktop deliveries. This cost is about 6.47% of cost of items purchased. Also, customer B uses handed-down manual order and manual line items order that cost more. Additionally, interest expense for customer B is also very superiorer because of his payments everlastingly after 90 days with a higher payment amount. Total other cost for customer B is 1.55 times of customer A. Therefore, customer A is more profitable and customer B loses $20.5 and 6 The only limitation for customer A is manual order a nd line items. We suggest customer A use EDI orders instead of these two. It could save cost and make more profit. For customer B, the cost for desktop deliveries is very high and customer B use traditional manual order entry without EDI. It costs a lot for customer B. We recommend customer B decrease the desktop deliveries or increase the price for desktop deliveries to top side the cost. We also suggest customer B switch traditional manual order entry and line items to EDI orders. This technology would help save cost and be more profitable for custer A and B.7 Under activity-based costing, we allocate all costs into differentactivity. So, we could easily see the cost for each activity related to our cost of items purchased. We can figure out which activity is more costing and take control this cost to increase our profit.8 If a major customer switches from placing all its orders manually to placing all its orders over the meshing site, we will spend more workers hour on EDI chec ks. We use weight-average method to allocate order entry expenses into three activities, manual order, line items, and EDI checks. So, the expenses for manual order and line items could be decrease and expenses for EDI checks increases. We need to calculate the overhead rate for both three activities. Additionally, the cost for EDI checks is more cheaper than the other two. So, if a major customer places all order over internet site, it would save cost and make more profit for company.

Learning Media Assessments

Assessment is a tool persona in education and it is an important component of learning. The radical purpose of judicial decision is to improve students learning, I administered four types of estimates to Camila, a 2 and a half years old Hispanic girl.The assessments administered to Camila wereDenver II, checklist, anecdotal, and amuse contemplate.Denver II PhysicalThe Denver II assessment was knowing to monitor the victimization of infants and preschool-aged pincerren it includes the screening of the four domains, Personal-social which is getting along with wad and caring for personal involve,Fine Motor-Adaptive this includes eye hand coordination, manipulation of diminutive objects, and problem solving, Language it includes hearing, catch, and using language, and Gross motor it includes sitting, walking, jumping, and over to apiece one(prenominal) bear-sized muscle movement in general.The scoring is as follow P= pass- kidskin successfully transacts item, F= Fail- c hild does not successfully perform item. NO= No opportunity- the child has not had the chance to perform the item, or report from caregiver is that child does not do the item referable to restrictions from caregiver or some another(prenominal)wise reasons, and R= Refusal- the child refuses to attempt the item, this gouge be minimize just by asking the child to do the item rather than asking. inclinationThe purpose of the Denver II assessment is to screen children from 1 to 6 years of age for possible developmental problems or issues, to confirm suspected problems with an objective measure, and to monitor children at jeopardize for developmental problems.The assessment was administered with the produce situated abouticipation with the taxation motor part through outside. I tried to make both of them comfortable to do the fine motor screening, Camila sit at the floor and her mother sat beside her.I explained to the mother that the child was not expected to pass all the item s, but we were going to impart the child to manipulate the items to be used to feel comfortable by the conviction the occupation was done. A set of blocks were effrontery to Camila and she was told to make a tower with eight blocks.Camila carefully piled ex blocks making sure all the blocks were straight. She made three other towers with the other blocks. Camila imitated a vertical line.Camila, her mother and I went outside to do the gross motor part, Camilas mother showed Camila how to jump a broad jump and get the ball over her head, she then encouraged Camila to imitate her three trials were given to do the broad jump, the first two metres scoring a F and the third a P.Camilas mother and I praised Camila for her efforts in doing the tasks.To minimized bias, I performed the assessment in Spanish I explained the tasks we were going to lay down to Camilas mother before doing them. I gave her a copy of the assessment for her to ingest the items at the same time I was asking them.I asked the mother first about each item then we asked Camila to do each task to confirm her development.Checklist Social and EmotionalA checklist is a tool for identifying the presence or absence of conceptual knowledge, skills, or behaviors. Checklists are tools that state specific criteria and allow teachers and students to gather instruction that fecal matter provide an informal profile of each child.Checklists also help teachers to make judgements about what students know and asshole do in relation to the outcomes. Checklists allow teachers to consistently monitor and document age and focus extra attention on the items that mark deficiencies in development growth.The checklist may assess domains such as fine and gross motor, communicatory and receptive language, intellectual, social-emotional, and self-help skills. These checklists provide information about what a child can and cannot do in each developmental area. Teachers can use this information to help set goals f or a child and plan activities that help the child progress.An example of a developmental checklist, Observation Checklist for Teachers, is at the end of this chapter. different checklists provide teachers with a record of what learning centers the children choose, or which materials they use around often. They are helpful in assuring, for example, that children who spend most of their free time in the art area are encouraged to explore other activity centers.The teacher can help the child make this convert by setting up a favorite art activity in another(prenominal) part of the room, such as painting clouds and the toss away for a castle that will be built with blocks and small boxesPurposeThe purpose of checklists is to identify and record students, skills, strategies, attitudes, and behaviors that are necessary for effective learning. Checklists can also be used to communicate a students learning to his/her parents.The assessment was administered during several days of observ ation during play and circle time.I spy Camilas choices and decisions when she was contend in the pretend area. Camila played along other children and imitated what another girl did when playing with a small doll. During circle time she waited for her gambol to hold the ball when playing a game.Bias was minimized when I wrote only the facts and focus on Camilas strengths Observation Anecdotal record CognitiveAn tale is an account of an issue in a childs day the record of this event can be detailed or brief.In other row is a compact story detailing the facts of an event in the childs day. These short reports described in a factual way, the incident, its context, and what was said or done by the participant. On most cases anecdotes focus on very simple, unremarkable interactions among children, adults and children, as well as materials and children in the environment.PurposeAnecdotes capture the fertility rate and complexity of the moment as children interact with one another and with materials. These records of child behavior and learning accumulated over the time enhance the teachers understanding of the individual child as patterns or profiles begin to emerge.Behavior limiting can be tracked and documented and placed in the childs portfolio resulting in suggestions for future observations, curriculum planning and student or parent conferences. The anecdotes or observations were done during center time my observations were done of what Camila did and what she said while she was playing with the blocks and the farm animals.Camila built a tower of eight blocks and called the teacher to involve it, she then made other small towers and put the animals on the assoil of each tower she clapped her hands when she saw the results. Camila also used other blocks to make a little cage for the baby animals.Bias was minimized when I wrote only the facts and quotes she used when playing.I also focused only on Camilas strengths.Interest surveyInterest surveys prov ide valuable information from students that teachers can use to establish and maintain positive relationships provide information of the students individual needs and preferences.PurposeThe purpose of the interest surveys is to help teachers in choosing the appropriate materials and instructional decisions based on the expressed interests for each student. Students are more in all probability to be engaged if the instruction connects to their interest.I started the survey with Camila by show several books Camila boldnessed at the books and grabbed the book of Brown Bear. I let Camila look at the book for a while and then showed her the survey and explained to her what she postulate to do.I covered the survey and uncover just the question I was asking at the time. I also provided the hoods to use one at a time for her to choose the answer she wanted. Bias was minimized when the survey was done in Spanish and Camila was let to put on a sticker on each answer she chose. Camila too k her time to put the sticker on the desired picture and I let her take her time looking at the surveys question and pictures.

Sunday, February 24, 2019

Miss Essay

A simple notice in the chain of transmitting by always using the Standard transmission Control Precautions (SICPs) potty save the NHS thousands of pounds every year not to mention saving patients lives. Cleanliness Champions draw been put in place to make sure Standard transmission system Control Precautions ar implemented within health care settings. MRSA (Meticillin-resistant staph Aureus) is virtuoso example of the staphylococcus family common bacteria (BBC HealthMRSA). on that point are many strains of MRSA and many people carry it in their throat, poke and skin folds. MRSA is an infectious agent and can live on the dust for example in eczema, varicose and decubitus ulcers, this acts like a reservoir providing holy man conditions for the MRSA to lie in skin folds and in wounds. For the bacteria to exit the hepatic portal vein it can simple be spread from skin to skin contact. To break the chain of infection the patient should wash their good deals. However, not pract ising good hygienics gives the bacteria a means of transmission.The bacteria will wait for a portal of entry this could be another patient touching dirty skin. There have been a number of charges to eradicate the transmission of MRSA, and unmatched of them is from the World Health Organisation Save lives clean your hand. This campaign is for Health Care workers to assess within their own departments how often hand hygiene is being carried out by their colleagues (WHO 2012). Hand hygiene is considered one of the most effective measures in reducing and preventing the incidence of avoidable illness, in particular HAI.All faculty within health care settings should be aware of this and perform hand hygiene effectively and in a timely fashion (Health Protection Scotland (HPS) May 2009). There are trine main types of hand hygiene. Social Hand Hygiene which involves using whip and water. Hygienic Hand Hygiene is using antiseptic hand cleansers from a soap dispenser and then there is Surgical Scrub which involves scrubbing the hands and forearms with antiseptic cleansers. Each hand decontamination process uses a seven pure tone technique.The 5 moments for hand hygiene guidelines explain when hand hygiene should be used (WHO 2009). PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) can also be used to hold dear against HAIs. PPE consists of gloves, aprons, face masks and goggles. When dealing with potential infections a risk of infection assessment should be done before dealing with the threat of the infection being transmitted. The risk assessment should include whether or not you may need to acquit gloves or aprons. Eye protection should be used for theatre staff due to a huge potential of blood splashes.Sharps include needles, scalpels, tailor-make cutters, glass ampoules and any sharp instrument. The main hazards of a sharps distress are hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV. ( magnificent College of nurse 2005). All sharps must be handled and used with a great deal of ca re and disposed of according to the Standard Infection Control Precautions (SICPs). If there has been an incident of a needle stick injury it must be reported and documented as required. All in all the Cleanliness Champions programme will help Health Care workers deduct the importance of Infection control and hopefully it will create sensitive generation of Nurses who will be vigilant to how important hand hygiene is. References BBC Health MRSA (2012), What is MRSA, On-line, Available http//www. bbc. co. uk/health/physical_health/conditions/mrsa. s hypertext mark-up language 17 March 2012 Health Protection Scotland (HPS) (May 2009), case Hand Hygiene NHS Campaign Compliance with Hand Hygiene canvas Report Health Protection Scotland (Report) Available http//www. hps. scot. nhs. uk/haiic/ic/ nationalhandhygienecampaign. aspx 17 March 2012Royal College of Nursing, (2005). Good Practice in Infection Prevention and Control, Guidance for Nursing Staff, Vol. 1, pp. 7-8 WHO (2009) WHO Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health care a summary, Online Available http//whqlibdoc. who. int/hq/2009/WHO_IER_PSP_2009. 07_eng. pdf WHO (2012), Your action Plan for Hand Hygiene melioration Template, Action Plan for WHO Framework, Inadequate/Basic Results, On-line, Available http//www. who. int/gpsc/5may/EN_PSP_GPSC1_5May_2012/en/index. html 17 March 2012a

A Culture of Professionalism Essay

One of the challenges of making Kamak a professional boldness is to get Pete, the Managing Director, to change his leadership style that is suitable to the organizational culture. number 1 and foremost, Pete has to accept that he is merely a driver of that culture quite than its measure, and that he should get in touch with the realities of that culture.His personal actions as the substantial representative of charge impact the assessment of organizational culture existence that management practices be a significant dimension of it. It is measured by dint of the fairness and consistency with which policies are administered, the accessibility of management to employees, the degree to which management provides a safe working environment and how well management encourages diversity. (Jolly & Recarda, 1997). accustomed that, he essentialiness be prepared to act in a way that labors and implements the policies and good management practices. The members of the staff, on the ot her hand, seem crisp on getting their opinions heard but they are having difficulty given the current situation. Moreover, confidentiality or a semblance of it is apparently an important correct before anyone will step forward and communicate an opinion. Since a face to face and one-on-one meeting opportunity is hard to come by, the best survival at this time would be to express their opinion in writing and leave it anonymously and hope actions will be considered and forthcoming or sign it and explicitly request for a private meeting to discuss it. In a professional organization, continuity and consistency are important in order to instill a set of values, beliefs and practices that are understood and divided by its members. Unilateral and regular changes in policies merely slant to confuse especially since the organization has only recently evolved from a local anesthetic organization to one that deals with international companies and has yet to homogenize.However, dealing with international companies would a want mean having enough flexibility to adapt to the constantly changing environments and demands and thus, it is prudent to aim for continuous improvement as opposed to drastic changes. harmony with policies and practices and service commitments can still be maintained and merely the schema will be amended. It is essential, though, that to make a change successful, that change must be properly communicated. To achieve professional standards in organizational intercourse, the elements must be present and developed. This would include the communicators or those engaged in the change and sharing of ideas with their assessment and accessibility, the message, the language of interaction, the channel of communication which may be formal such as memoranda and meetings or informal such as casual conversations and the mood of the communication situation which would be the dynamics of interaction that there are no hidden agenda, no repercussions, and the like (Chan & Palo, 2002). The organizational culture in Kamak is a networked culture that is high in sociability but humble in solidarity and is still at the low context stage which is characterized by considerable dependence on explicitly articulated messages that is usually observed in small firms or start-up firms where the entire operations is in the making and information must be wide distributed and clearly disseminated. (Chan & Palo, 2002). Hence, the following are essential in its organizational communicationPromote a communication climate that is acquitive, i.e., information is widely shared with the aim of progressing towards a climate that is high on empowerment and supportOpen alternative modes of communication and utilize and maximize technology such as e-mails especially for information dissemination, fax, voicemail, phone if face-to-face communication is not immediately possibleConduct regular meeting so that policies are formally introduced, implemented and reinforcedMake use of the grapevine to be in touch with the staff level and would encourage face-to-face interaction between parties making it personal and socialOpen a feedback appliance through suggestion boxes and at the same time, continue to encourage and promote the open-door policy but ensure accessibility in a climate and setting that nurtures confidentiality.ReferencesChan, G.S. & Palo, T. M. (2002). Organizational communication. In G. Chan (Ed.), Managing people in Asian organizations (pp. 229-285). capital of Singapore Prentice Hall.Jolly, J. and Recardo, R. (1997). Organizational culture and teams. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 62 (2), 4-9.

Saturday, February 23, 2019

Cycles in Biology †Synoptic Essay

A rhythm method can be defined by a series of repeated steps that produce an end product which is the homogeneous as the start product. there are many cycles in biology including cycles that occur inside organisms such as the cardiac cycle, calvin cycle and the krebs cycle. There are also biologic cycles that occur around us in the outside world such as the carbon cycle and the due north cycle.I have decided to focus my essay on the biological cycles that occur inside organisms. The cardiac cycle is vital in every last(predicate) organisms with a heart, to pump bloodline round the body. There are phases of the cardiac cycle systole ( packion) and diastole (relaxation). The heart consists of 4 chambers, 2 being the atria at the sneak of the heart and the other 2 being the ventricles at the bottom of the heart. Systole occurs severally in the atria and ventricles and diastole occurs simultaneously in all 4 chambers. The cardiac cycle is controlled by electrical waves that spr ead throughout the heart. The blood flows into the heart neat into the atria via the vena cava and pulmonary vein. A wave of electrical activity is first spread from the Sino-atrial node which spreads across both atria, this causes the atria to contract which forces blood take into the ventricles through the auriculoventricular valves.The atrioventricular septum prevents the wave crossing the ventricles. The wave passes to the atrioventricular node where it is passed down the septum down specialised fibres known as the lot of His. This occurs after a short delay to allow all the blood to flow from the atria to the ventricles. This wave passes down the bundle of His to the Apex of the heart where the Ventricles contract upward, pumping blood out of the ventricles into the pulmonary artery and aorta through the semilunar valves. present the blood is then passed round the body where it then returns to the heart and the bidding repeats.

First world war poetry Essay

First adult male warfare rime 39 faris-slm Web definitions A war poet iS a poet written at that time and on the survey of war. This term, at the beginning applied especially to those in military proceeds during existence contend I. then, docu custodyted as early as IS4B in reference to German revolutionary poet, Georg Herwegh The main figures in the firstly world war Siegfried Sassoon (1886-1967)-1 Siegfried Sassoon was perhaps the most innocent of the war poets. John Hildebdle has called Sassoon the inadvertent wedge shape. Born Into a wealthy Jewish family In 1886, Sassoon lived the pastoral breeding of a young squire fox-hunting, playing cricket, golfing nd write romantic verses. Being an Innocent, Sassoons reaction to the realities of the war were all the to a greater extent bitter and vlolent both his reaction Trough his poetry and his reaction on the battlefield (after the death ot fellow officer David Thomas and has brother Hamo at Gallipoli). Sassoon sadness, he b elieved that the Germans were entirely to blame.Sassoon showed innocence by gong public to stand against the war. Luckily. his friend and fellow poet Robert Graves convinced the review board that Sassoon was measly from shell-shock and he was sent instead to the military ospital at Craig Lockhart where he met and influenced Wilfred Owen. Sassoon is a key figure in the study of the poetry of the Great War he brought with him to the war the ideal pastoral circumstance. he began by constitution war poetry reminiscent of Rupert Brooke. he wrote with such war poets as Robert Graves and Edmund Blunden. e spoke out publicly against the war. he fatigued thirty years reflecting on the war through his memoirs, and at break down he prove peace in his religious faith. Some critics found his subsequent poetry lacking in comparison to his war poems. How to intermit Dark clouds are smouldering into red While down the Craters morning burns The dying soldier shifts his head TO watch the glory that returns He lifts his fingers toward the skies Where holy brightness breaks in name Radiance reflected in his eyes, And on his lips a whispered name.Youd think, to hear just about people talk, That lads go West with sobs and curses, And sullen faces white as chalk, Hankering for wreaths and tombs and hearses. But theyve been taught the commission to do it Like Christian soldiers not with haste And shuddering groans besides passing through it With due regard for decent taste. From the age of xix Owen wanted to be a poet and immersed himself in poetry, eing especially impressed by Keats and Shelley. He wrote almost no poetry of importance until he cut action in France in 1917.He was deeply attached to his induce to whom most of his 664 letters are addressed. (She saved everyone. ) He was a connected Christian and became lay assistant to the vicar of Dunsden near Reading 1911-1913 teaching record book classes and leading prayer meetings as well as visiting parishion ers and aid in other ways. He escaped bullets until the last week of the war, that he saw a good deal of front-line action he was blown up, concussed and suffered shell-shock. At Craig Lockhart, the psychiatric hospital in Edinburgh, he met Siegfried Sassoon who inspire him to develop his war poetry.He was sent back to the trenches in September, 1918 and in October won the Military overcome. by seizing a German machine-gun and development it to kill a number of Germans. On 4th November he was scene and killed near the hamlet of Ors. The news of his death reached his parents home as the cease-fire bells were ringing on 11 November. Wilfred Owen is the greatest writer of war poetry in the English language. He wrote out of his intense personal see as a soldier and wrote with matchless power of the physical, moral and psychological impact of the First WorldWar. All of his great war poems close to his reputation rests were written only in a fifteen months. anthem for Doomed You th BY WILFRED OWEN What passing-bells for these who die as cattle? merely the monstrous anger of the guns. Only the stuttering rifles rapid rattle Can sprinkle out their hasty orisons. No mockeries now for them no prayers nor bells, Nor any vocalisation of mourning save the choirs, The shrill, demented choirs of wailing shells And bugles calling for them from sad shires.What skunkdles may be held to speed them all? Not in the hands of boys, yet in their eyes Shall shine the holy glimmers of good-byes. The draperyor of girls brows shall be their pall Their flowers the tenderness of patient minds, And each slow dusk a drawing-down of blinds In England For the first time, am essential number of important English poets were soldiers, paternity about their experiences of war. A number of them died on the battlefield, most famously Rupert Brooke, Edward Thomas, and Wilfred Owen.Siegfried Sassoon survived only were scarred by their experiences, and this was reflected in their poet ry. Wilfred Gibson (1878-1962) -3 Wilfred Wilson Gibson was born in Hexham, England in 1878. Gibson worked for a time as a social worker in capital of the United Kingdoms East End. He published his first verse in 1902, Mountain Lovers. He had several poems included in various Georgian poetry 1910. After the outbreak of war, Gibson served as a private in the infantry on the Western Front.It was therefore from the perspective of the ordinary soldier that Gibson wrote his war poetry. His active service was brief, but his poetry contradict his lack of experience, Breakfast being a prime example of ironic war verse written during the very early stages of the conflict following the armistice, Gibson go on riting poetry and plays. His work was particularly concerned with the poverty of industrial workers and village workers. Back They ask me where Ive been, And what Ive done and seen.But what can I reply Who know it wasnt l, But someone further like me, Who went across the sea And with m y head and hands Killed men in foreign lands Though I must bear the blame, Because he exercise my name. str Herbert Read (1893-1968) -4 the poet and critic, was born in France, Yorkshire in 1893 His college studies, at Leeds University, were interrupted by the outbreak of the First World War, in which he served with the Yorkshire Regiment in France and Belgium. During his service he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) and Military Cross in the same year, 1918.Read wrote two volumes of poetry based upon his war experiences Songs of Chaos (1915) and Naked Warriors, published in 1919, along with two volumes of autobiography, In Retreat (1925) and Ambush (1930). He became an outspoken pacifist during the Second World War. He continued to publish poetry for the remainder of his life, his final volume, stash away Poems, being published in 1966. As a literary critic he championed the 19th-century English Romantic authors, for example in The True contribution of Feeling Stu dies in English Romantic Poetry .Ernest Hemingway -5 Ernest Hemingway, the son of Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, a doctor, was was born in Oak Park, Illinois, on 21st July, 1899. His mother, Grace abode Hemingway, was a music teacher but had always wanted to be an opera singer. According to Carlos Baker, the author of Ernest Hemingway A Life Story (1969), he began writing stories as a child Ernest loved to dramatize everything, continuing his boyhood habit of aking up stories in which he was invariably the swashbuckling hero.When the United States entered the First World War in 1917 Hemingway attempted to theater up for the army but was rejected because of a defective eye. He therefore Joined the Red Cross as an ambulance driver. He later wrote One becomes so accustomed to all the dead being men that the sight of a dead woman is quite shocking. I first saw inversion of the usual sex of the dead after the detonation of a munition factory which had been situated in the countryside nea r Milan. We cloud to the scene of the disaster in trucks along poplar-shaded roads.Arriving where the munition plant had been, some of us were put to patrolling about those large stocks of munitions which which had gotten into the grass of an adjacent field, which labor being concluded, we were ordered to search the immediate vicinity and surrounding palm for bodies. We found and carried to an improvised mortuary a good number of these and I must admit, frankly, the shock it was to find that those dead were women rather than men. A Farewell to Arms (1929), Hemingways great novel set against the background of the war in Italy, and eclipses the poetry dealing with his war-time experiences.

Friday, February 22, 2019

Mean Creek- Important Idea

Explain an classic persuasion in a text you have studied. Explain why you found it enkindle. Discuss ocular and verbal techniques in your answer. In the film Mean Creek say by Jacob Aaron Estes, the important idea of going away of artlessness is genuinely fire as it tells the story and immortalizes us how quickly things evoke change. The music director shows us this through the way the offices change during the burial of George, the word pass scripted in a tree and the guilt matte by Millie and Sam. first I found the important idea of loss of innocence kindle during the burial of George as this is when they lose their innocence.When they decide to bury Georges body the character all(prenominal) lose what innocence they had left. This is shown as everyone help besides Millie who doesnt want to have a part in it. At this consequence the director uses a combination of hidden lighting and tightfitting up shots of Millies partially hidden face in the shadows of the t rees to show how dark and lost Millie has become since the remnant of George. She is hiding from the legality and wants to act want nonentity is going to change. The director also uses a slow woeful chelo during this scene as lament like, it is a metaphor for the death of Millies and everyone elses innocence.Millie is already starting to feel guilty as she preceding in the film stated go ahead Clyde start the crippled. This shows she does not feel innocent at all but does not want to admit it. When Millie is by herself instead of helping with the burial a foley progeny is used as she stabs a snail followed by fast silence. This was Millies was to let at all her frustration and anger on the events that have occurred and her own actions which contributed in Georges death. This scene helps makes the important idea interesting as it is the moment when they all lose their innocence.Secondly I found the important idea interesting through the way Millie carved the word snap into a tree. At the start of the film when Millie and Sam ar innocently talking about what George did to Sam, Millie says If you could snap your fingers and he would drop dead in his tracks would you? A wide shot is used to show George sitting deplete by himself, this shows how lonely he is and makes us actually feel generosity towards him. This is followed by silence which shows how Sam doesnt want to hurt George. This emphasises the innocence of Sam as he did not wish to do anything which could military issue in the death of George.This Quote foreshadows the death of George. As a witness tension builds u as we wait the events that link to the death. After the death of George, Millie engraves the word Snap into a tree. This is significant as it shows how life can change as fast as the snap of the fingers. A foley effect is used on the scratching of the knife on the tree to show Millies anger and how she feels they have not only turned flipped thither life upside down but they took a life and washed-up Georges relatives works. The foley effect turns your attention the Millie as the viewer anticipates what she is writing . e straightaway see how just 24 hours before they were all living a normal happy life but now they are emotionally distort and stumped for a mop up of what to do. The word snap makes the important idea of loss of innocence interesting as it shows how fast they have only lost their innocence. Lastly loss of innocence is seen as interesting as Millie and Sam come out and talk about what has happened. When Sam goes to Millies room we notice a great change in her temper and feelings. Millie is no longer a bright happy person as we now see her as a frightened little girl.The director uses dark lighting and a wide shot to shows as Millie focus into the mirror. When Millie is steering into the mirror it is silent as she looks frustrated and confused as if she thinks her appearance should have change but everything looks the same as if nothing h as happened. When Sam talks to Millie a combination of dark lighting and close up shots of Millies half hidden face in the shadower of her bedroom show us how miserable she looks as she is hiding from the justness and is in denial of the fact that their life has changed. What do you want, I was just there shows us how Millie does not want to accept the truth as well as the consequences of her actions but knows she can not live with all the guilt. Millie was trying to act like she feels innocent but the remorseful ton in her voice suggests otherwise. Sam and Millie know they are not innocent as the guilt inside them grows and makes them wonder if keeping Georges death a secret is the best thing to do. When we become doctors and lawyers and all that what do you think it will be like? The director follows this forefront with silence to show how they both think telling the truth and accept the consequences will be best. This makes us feel sorry for them and it is as if almost of t heir innocence has come back to them as we are reminded of the fact that they are still children when they talk about their future and that they have come to a decision of telling the truth which is what they wanted in the first place.In conclusion I found the important idea of loss of innocence very interesting as the director takes as on a roller-coaster of feelings as kids make the biggest decision of their lives. With the burial of George, the word Snap and the guilt felt by Sam and Millie the childrens innocence is lost but they get hold some as they come to the correct conclusion. The interesting idea of loss of innocence shows us how fast some of the most innocent mountain feel guilty and how people can unintentionally lose their innocence in a matter of minutes.

Destination Attributes

kindlevas goal attributes, phaeton demand and decease value of the Bengali friendship in London to Coxs Bazar, Bangladesh 2. Introduction Today phaetonry has been considered as a great phenomenon Involving movement of Industry In the world. In holidaymakerry Industry, to a greater extent than 235 million the great unwashed employment opportunities generating around 9. 2% of global gross domestic product (WTTC, 2010).The touristry Is sharply Increasing In spite of having global scotch downturn, even during the first two months of 2010 worldwide the number of International phaeton arrivals raised by % (WTO, 2010). The World Tourism 2020 Vlslon forecasted that the world tourist arrivals im class reach to 1,561. 1 million In 2020. The fastest growing tourism regions argon in the Third World countries and Bangladesh is one of them to be flourished and promoted importantly and effectively (Echtner and Prasad, 2002).Coxs Bazar, a place of tourists paradise with natural and m an-made elegant attractions is ready to welcome the tourists around the globe. The increasing trend of tourism manufacturing indicates some vital factors to the array community and tourists such as economic evelopment, greater scopes for understanding, making stronger regional bonding, exchange of cultural beliefs and values, refreshment and entertainment, education, weird enlightenment, sustainable festering and many more than. 3.Research aim and objectives The aim of this search make is to explore three dimensions of tourist behaviour regarding conclusion attributes, needal factors and rifle values of the Bengali community in selecting Cors Bazar as a tourist close. There atomic number 18 some specific search objectives to mob out the aim which atomic number 18 as follows i. To study well-nigh the tourism resources and attractions genuinely offered to the tourists, li. To analyze the vim and eviscerate factors related with the choice of a tourist goal, ill.To Investigate various incite values regarding end attributes of the participants In selecting a tourist destination. 4. Statement of the research problem The tourist marketplace share and revenues are comparatively lower than neighbour countries even though Bangladesh Is endowed with enormous destination attractions due to the lack of promotional activities, the Ignorance most the motivational factors nd the overall apathy about the transit values of all the tourists vlsltlng Coxs Bazar (Patwarl, 1 993 Hossain, 1999 Hossain and Hossain, 2002). . Research questions and hypotheses On the basis of the research problem, there are few research questions along with relevant hypotheses formulate which are given below Q-1 What are features of Coxs Bazar as a tourist destination? H-1 New, innovative and unique features of a destination everlastingly attract tourists. Q-1 Are the destination attractions accessible for the tourists in electronically and physically? H-2 Knowing informati on prior about a ourist destination.Q-3 Is it offering twain push and push factors to meet the tourists need, want and demand? H-3 Sometimes, tourists want to adopt rid of boredom and monotony while others prefer to ascertain friends, families and relatives. Q-4 How are the plump values Judged towards forthcoming tourism development and tourists satisfaction? H-4 The feedback from the tourists focuses on the pros and cons of a tourist destination as an integral part of future development initiatives. 6.Rationale There are different Journals and books studied and explored regarding tourism, ourist attraction, promotional tools and destination development especially in terms of different factors associated with destination attractions, tourist/ propel motivation and die values. The brief description of some of those literatures put one across been mentioned and discussed beforehand in the section of previous research studies. There are only a very few concerned literatures and research studies purchasable about Coxs Bazar, Bangladesh especially in the field of tourist/travel motivation and travel values.However, Meng et al. (2008) studied the effects of gender differences on the erceptions of destination attributes, tourist motivation and travel values and leading to further research fortune in another location. In addition, Kim et al. (2002) and Hong et al. (2009) analyzed the relationship amidst push and pulling factors in tourist/ travel motivation and revisiting a destination and indicates for future study opportunity on the interaction of tourist/travel motivation and travel values for tourist market expansion.Furthermore, there is too a further research opportunity to Justify the relationship between push and pull factors of foreign tourists for greater nderstanding about tourist behavior in a broad scope studied by Bashar et al. (2008). Thus, this research study can assist to understand the tourist behavior in three main dimensions including destination attributes, tourist/travel motivation and travel values of the Bengali community in London to Coxs Bazar, Bangladesh which could contribute to the luggage compartment of intimacy.The above discussion highlights the further research scopes in different aspects of tourism especially to attract more tourists to Coxs Bazar, Bangladesh for which this research study will be carried out to nhance the body of knowledge. In this study, the feedback will be evaluated from the tourists those who vi putd or visit Coxs Bazar about tourism amenities used in their hang on as well as their feelings towards their overall satisfaction level.The promotional tools and feelings about the tourism resources will be assessed to find out more effective promotional methods and ways of further tourism resources development to meet the current and increasing tourism market demand. This is optimistic to gather the desired objectives through this research study. 7. Literature review Tourism is the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the interaction of tourists, handicraft suppliers, host governments and host communities in the process of attracting and hosting these tourists and other visitors (Goeldner et al. 2000). Moreover, the term tourism delegacy the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive primary focus on understanding tourist/travel behavior based on destination attributes, factors of tourist/travel motivation and travel values of the Bengali ommunity in London to Coxs Bazar, Bangladesh. 7. 1 Previous Research Studies Tourism is a multifaceted industry and opens doors for both the host and tourist on behalf of a destination country as a medium of exchange.Tourism is an important tool for local economic development as well as infrastructural growth. Promoting the local residents and tourism-related s scratchholders are essential to achieve a tourism- led developmen t in a tourist destination area (Matarrita, 2010). Tourism is comprised with various components like accommodation, dining establishments, recreational roperties, tourism attractions, travel intermediaries, transportation and other supporting sectors in which the people can be involved in different ways.These tourism elements act as destination attributes and have a great influential role in economic development, practicing cultural beliefs and values, environmental protection, preservation of historical sites, natural and stylised tourism attractions after all, to all of the destination attributes (Blake et al. , 2008 Tao et al. , 2009). In promoting destination attributes, the host government along with the involvement of nternational, national, regional and local organizations is required to be well coordinated to the potential tourists (Soshiroda, 2005).In this process, the tourism stakeholders are encouraged to take part in determination-making, sharing benefits, developing o pportunities and utilizing the tourism resources for local and tourism industrys interests in a pro-active manner (Tosun, 2005). Education and training among local people can represent a good impression as part of destination attributes (Echtner, 1995 Sebele, 2010). Tourism attraction is a function of a site (destination attribute), a marker (an informative lement) and a tourist (Richards, 2002).However, the tourists are positively inclined to discounted facilities, promotional offers and take risk to those destinations but good knowledge can moderate this intention (Wong et al. , 2009). Many researchers have investigated tourist/travel motivation from different views like sociology, psychology and anthropology (Maslow, 1970 Cohen, 1972 Crompton, 1979 Dann, 1977). In this research study, the tourist/travel motivation focuses on the analysis of two different aspects namely push factors and pull factors that have been are ommonly accepted and practiced (Yuan et al. 1990 Uysal et al. , 1993). In these terminologies, push factors describe the internal forces of people for which they are pushed to travel whereas pull factors state the external forces of destination attributes that appeal the potential tourists/travelers to travel there. poking factors include intangible or intrinsic aspirations of the individual tourist/traveler. On the other hand, pull factors consist of those elements which emerge the destination attractiveness as it is perceived by the tourists/travelers.These may contain tangible estination attributes, marketed image of the destination, tourists perceptual experience and benefit expectation (Baloglu et al. , 1996). Push and pull factors in tourist/travel motivation are also influenced in different settings like nationalities, tourist destinations and events to select a destination finally Gang et al. , 2006). These intrinsic and outside factors develop the perceptions of an individual tourist/ actual destination attributes and how the touris t/traveler processes information (Gartner, 1993 Dann, 1996 Baloglu et al. 1997). These motivational factors act ogether in a dynamic and evolving context in destination selection process (Correira, 2000) and the tourist/travel motivation is seen as a multidimensional concept that focuses on tourist decision (McCabe, 2000). Tourism is a paradigm of human beings and human nature and it is continuously a complex task to find out the reasons, needs and wants of the tourists for traveling to a particular destination (Yoon et al. , 2005).The tourists expect their participation in destination attractions (instrumental performance) and the psychological interpretation of a destination product expressive attributes) to fulfill their requirements and develop travel values (Noe et al. , 2003). In tourism industry, push and pull factors represent demand (tourist/ travelers desires) and supply (tourist destination attributes). In some cases, high cost of travel, government regulations, destin ation image and reputation, international political situations, ad hominem safety issues, fear of terrorism, health epidemics play a vital in selecting a destination (Prideaux, 2005).The preconceived image of a destination (Bosque et al. , 2008), pastiche seeking tendency, gender ifferences (Meng et al. , 2008), partners influence, satisfactory level of previous experience, personal feelings and preferences are closely related with the perceptions of destination attributes, tourist/travel motivation and travel values (Hong et al. , 2009). There is a need of well coordination among push and pull factors as like as the tourists/travelers would be benefitted based on their motives from the destination attributes in an effective manner.

Thursday, February 21, 2019

Picking Cotton

When a traumatic event happens, a multitude of people are affected. In Picking Cotton Our Memoir of Injustice and Redemption written by Jennifer Thompson- Cannino and Ronald Cotton, the story of Thompsons rape and Cottons conviction is unraveled through the perspective of both(prenominal) authors. The emotions that both Thompson and Cotton endure in the aftermath of the rape are shown with the alternation of speaker. With the counterchange in speaker in each part of the book, the read gets to collide with the most significant part of the souls life.The memoir begins with Thompsons rape, in the perspective of her. sexual congress the horror of Thompsons experience strengths the ratifiers sympathy towards her as pathos dominates the first segment of the brisk. Being inside Thompsons mind and slaming her strength through verboten the offensive activity acts as a motion picture method for Thompson. Since the novel is nonfiction, the typical characterization methods used in ot her novels are not possible. Knowing how Thompson thinks and feels creates traits for her which later makes her conviction of Cotton understandable.The transition to Cotton during his ime in prison enlightens the subscriber on Cottons life and also his innocence. An inside look of what a simulacrum life sentence can take from an honest man is shown as Cotton reveals his hardships during his memoir. Again pathos was used, showing the struggles and confrontation Cotton faces during his handcuffs. The rootage of absolveness results after Cottons perspective and thoughts are expressed and he chooses to forgive Thompson for her mistake. Having multiple speakers in the novel also has its disadvantages.By changing perspectives from Thompson to Cotton, the eader is neglected the others thoughts during a certain time. While Cotton tells of his prison time, the read does not know how Thompson is the novel during this time. When the novel changes speakers back to Thompson she is married w ith children. There is a lacking gap of time the reader never knows about. The reader also misses out on Cottons reunion with his community and friends. During times when both Cotton and Thompson are together, only one persons thoughts are shown, blinding the reader to how the other person feels and what they are thinking.The authors choice to share both of their stories in one novel had both advantages and disadvantages. While the different point of views showed how both Jennifer Thompson and Ronald Cotton were victims as a result of the crime committed by Booby Poole, the reader did not always get the full story of both speakers. Overall, the anatomical structure of the novel was strong and made a momentous impact on the reader and accomplished its goal of bringing awareness to wrongful imprisonment and also to forgiveness. Picking Cotton By alyssaduck

Colonial Unity

Jayla Reese 1 kinfolk 2012 3 Essay 2 Colonial Unity (1755-1774) Beginning in 1754, the evolution of colonial unity experienced its jump start with the issuance of the french and Indian War in America. In entering this war, the cut were doing fairly well theyd just ensured the surrendering of George Washington and Virginian troops as well as the Native Americans that were helping them. The French and Indian had also begun attacking the settlements of Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and South Carolina.After a breakdown in French leadership, however, the tables suddenly turned in favor of the Americans, with the help of the British, who successfully claimed supremacy in 1763. The great victory and power of the British Empire conduct to conflicts that would in the end ruin the relationship amid the British and the American colonists soon after. As a result of the incapability to administer the colonies and territories of North America, the British began enforcing harsh restrictio ns and taxes, which directly affected the colonists.The Stamp number was a major iodine of many, passed in 1765, that taxed the colonists for legal documents including newspapers and publications. This sparked outrage in the colonists, and also acts that would ultimately begin to strengthen the colonies. Referring back to the French and Indian war, the Albany sexual intercourse was configured during the same year, June of 1754. Seven representatives, one from each colony, met in Albany, crude York, with the intent to discuss the Albany Plan of Union.The purpose of this forge, created by asa dulcis Franklin, was to discuss persuading the Iroquois to aid them in fighting the French, and to also group the colonies into one alliance. Unfortunately, the plan failed due to the rejection in which none of the legislatures present during the clashing fixed to ratify it. Although the Albany Congress proved to be unsuccessful in unifying the American colonies, future attempts were mad e by the Stamp Act Congress, and the First Continental Congress as the British and American colonies ontinued to reason the issue of taxes. The Stamp Act Congress, which included delegates of nine colonies, met in October of 1765 in regards to the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act Congress was not an immediate success, notwithstanding in the end, all but one legislature approved the plan known as the Stamp Act Resolves. The famous saying No taxation without representation has been known to have derived from this action. Events following this colonial movement would later include American boycotts and movements against the British rule.The Boston Massacre, occurring on border district 5, 1770, which resulted in the death of five men, and also the Boston Tea political party on December 16, 1773 in which Bostonians destroyed a shipload of tea, were 2 major occurrences that showed the strong American resistance to the British. Another meeting, held by cardinal colonies, would establish t he committees of correspondence due to the threats made my British to trial Americans in England, and would further show the growth of unity building among the colonies.Pleased with the decisions and organization shown during the meeting of the Stamp Act Congress, the colonies decided to meet again from September 5 to October 26 in 1774 sending their delegates to Philadelphia. The First Continental Congress, as they were called, met in response to the Coercive Acts passed in favor of British authority. All colonies exclude Georgia were present, and the delegates all strongly agreed that Coercive Acts were unconstitutional. However, the representatives still apprehension only in ways to benefit their individual colonies.This led to the ingredient of the colonies and eventually some of the colonists were against boycotting British trade (Continental Association) and other colonies agreed with this gesture. Although the colonies basically worked in concert as a whole for some matte rs, the unity displayed between them wasnt the greatest. The colonies would later, during 1774 and 1775, split into the Whigs and Tories, in which the Whigs were anti-British rule, and the Tories supported the British. However, the British were primarily the main purpose for the colonies to take a stance, thus causing the colonists to bond together despite their differences.

Gift Giving in Japan

Anthrop 525 Term Paper Yi Min Yeng ( Leon ) Katherine Rupp began the subscribe of lacquer and lacquerese when she was an undergraduate at Princeton University as noned in the lie with portion of the book, Gift-Giving in lacquer Cash, Connections. Cosmologies. After that she had her graduated training in the University of Chicago funded by the National Science Foundation and the University itself, including maven twelvemonth of support from the Committee on lacquerese Studies. Before the writing of this book, Katherine Rupp in any casek twenty months of field work In japan which is funded by the Japanese Ministry of Education.She at long last completed the manuscript of Gift-Giving in Japan as a post rejuvenateal cerebrate of the Council on East Asian Studies at Yale University in the Anthropology Dep artistic creationment (Rupp 2003). lots like Mauss, Katherine Rupp is interested in the heathen effect of the chip in strive and exchanges in Japan. She too believes that there is a social and cosmic order, very much like Marcel Mausss total social phenomenon that it influences race still is also shape by the individuals. She contractes on the content of gift talent con officers historical changes in gift exchange employ and differences in bad among groups.Like Mauss, provokes thought on our own practices of exchange, gift and new(prenominal)wise (Citation). She spent xviii months of intensive scientific field works in Tokyo metropolitan argona and also short term research on another(prenominal) discloses of Japan by interviewing experts such as authors of gift big(p) books, Buddhists and Shintoistic priests, departmental and funeral home employees, workers and different classes of families. All these because she seeks to agnise octuple questions such as Why do community give as much, as often, and in the particular ship substructureal that they do? Why do some plenty reject talent and receiving?How do attitudes towards practice of giving relate to handleations of age, class, gender, geographic bea, occupation, and religion? In What ways can these study of gifts in Japan contribute to the field of gifts and exchange in anthropology? (Rupp 20032). new(prenominal) than that, she conducted observational studies on festivals, election rallies, digest building ritual and other kinds of ceremonies with gift giving integrated in it. Besides using proportional methods, the use of statistic is also incorporated such as recording the quantity and harbor of gift trus twainrthy and purchased on different heretoforets.She believes that the recent anthropological attention of the strong occupation in the midst of commodities and gifts be not distinctively un cogitate but be interconnected (Rupp 2003182). The Gift Giving in Japan can be separated into six chapters. The book fore more or less emphasized the importance of gift giving in various ways such as pointing out closes and giving the ample examples of gift giving. heap in Japan feel obligated and bowed down(p) when they receives gifts, some dismantle avoid visiting their hometown or decide not to enclose the selective in fashion modelation to the great unwashed when they do.Gift giving on the other hand is very crucial to the macrostinting take as well as departmental stores constitute nearly of their profits during ceremonial festivals throughout the years such as gosekku the five seasonal celebrations, new year, Christmas eve and Valentines daytime (Rupp 20032,119). Rupp too focused on examples of gift giving such as get hitched with gifts and retroverts sent to Mrs. Ueda, Mr. Hoshinos house building ceremonial gift and progenys, Mr. Ishiyasamas fathers funeral gifts and returns, Mr. Tanabe declination of gifts and lastly gift categorizing of meaningless gifts, pilgrimage gifts, and seasonal gifts from Mrs.Inoue. All these examples raise questions of kinships, the level of gratitude, and the influence of class a mongst giving and receiving that go forth be explained on further chapters (Rupp 200333). Second chapter focus on the question raised previously with the emphasize in faculty of descent, gratitude and hierarchy. The take account of the gift varies with the strength of the relationship. At times of celebration, those who bring enormous gifts are usually close friends or relatives and those who hardly brought anything are facile friends or unfamiliar relatives most of the time.For example during the house building notice people that are Mr. Hoshinos true friends gave more than his superficial friends. And that those who gave a melloweder assess of gift in order to create stronger relationship can be precarious as sometimes it can yon star from the receiver causing a backfire (Rupp 200336). Secondly, gift value can increase enormously as a form of gratitude to file appreciation for the receiver. For example, Mr. Hoshino received a large sum of money during his house building ceremony from his cousin because his wife had been taking apprehension of his dumb (Rupp 200341).Lastly, the social class of a person can influence the value of gifts. A person with a higher hierarchy is obligated to give a higher value of gift compa cherry to a lower one. On the other hand, they are also able to receive higher value of gifts as well. During Mrs Uedas sons wedding, his superior in the party who made the decision to hire him gave them a gift worth a hundred thousand yen which is compared to be higher than average, yet he received three hundred thousand yen in return as a form of gratitude also because of his superior ranking.In order to understand and interpret the meaning of gifts it is crucial to understand the three main incidentors which are relationship, gratitude and hierarchies that influence the value of gift giving (Rupp 200350). Gifts are not however granted in considering of value, as not all items with high value symbolize kindness for certain eve nts. Gift giving practices are implement during living and seasonal cycle practices and are considered highly eventful.These rites of passages quit in places and modern cities such as Tokyo considers these practices burdensome, old fashioned and impertinent where else people in Warabi observed these practices for generations (Rupp 2003 53). There are three important life cycles which are kindred, marriage and death which all three pull up stakes be given rosters of rice packed into a mountain sphere shape symbolizing total consumption and breaking of relationship and it was considered inauspicious not to do it. For the birth of a child, it meant it path time interval from the world of the dead.A woman consumes bowls of rice symbolizing separation from her side of family and lastly the dead is separated from the have a go at it world when a bowl of rice is given to the deceased. But as time passes, memoir changes and most of the people do not implement some of these trad itions and nor do they consider as inauspicious as before. Life cycle events are dual-lane into prosperous and sad conditions. During happy occasion such as birth and marriage, bills should be new and shiny while facing up in an elaborately decorated envelope where else sad occasion such as death, bills given should be old and crumbled while facing down in another kind of envelope.Also, certain colors and method of tying a knot are used in happy and sad occasion with different meanings. For example, black or white musubikiri knots which are knots that cannot be reverse are used for funerals and red, white or gold butterfly knots are used for marriage. Returned gifts too are carefully considered as it is inappropriate to return inauspicious gifts as different items symbolize different meanings (Rupp 2003 59). Besides life cycles, most gifts in Japan are given in related to seasonal cycles with yearend and midyear gifts with the highest percentage also there are festivals such as b on, Gosekku, Higan.Throughout the history, traditions in festivals use up changed especially when the Meiji government changed most of the ritual to the idolise of Shinto God in order to bolster State Shinto and the emperors position (Rupp 2003123). The book then describes the auspicious decorates people put up for each traditional festivals such as the crank white flags during New Years and Carp banners during Gosekku festival, and people send auspicious gifts such as long noodles during the New Year which symbolize one lifes depart extend like the long noodles (Rupp 2003117).Other than that, gifts entrust be offered to the dead on bon festival in the form of gratitude. Relatives will visit their families and follow employees will visit their superiors during New Year and they will be given auspicious gifts or snacks such as the 2 rounded rice cakes similar to the rounded bowl rice and so reinforcing the hierarchy of their relationships (Rupp 2003 122). Besides traditional seasonal festivals, Japan do stay fresh westbound holidays such as Christmas Eve, Valentines day, Fathers day and Mothers day. Christmas Eve is quite unique in Japan as it is strongly associated with romance.Heart shape decorations with bells will be decorated in the streets and young men are willing to pay over one hundred thousand yen for a date during Christmas Eve. Even though men think Valentines Day chocolate gift as absurd but at the same they would be secretly smiling if received. Yet these western festivals still requires return gifts similar to the traditional festivals. interestingly enough, unlike traditional festiavals which benefits men more than women, western festivals are the altogether festivals that it is women who have the upper hand (Rupp 2003 144-154).The practice of gift giving has variations of attitudes and it vary consort to regions, occupations, information, class, family background, gender, religion, and personality (Rupp 2003155). For example, most funerals in Warabi region returns a frosty value of gift yet funerals in Tokyo returns records each received gift and returns the half value of it after forty nine days. Also, most people studied in Warabi region did receive higher education in the middle or lower class. They are straight away and do not c at oncern with politeness and will assume people from Tokyo are calculative concerned with ranking.Other than that, it is an assumed social fact that women have perfect k instanterledge in gift giving and that they are responsible for the gift giving between their husbands or other households as well. If a women who was from another region married to a men in Tokyo and do not know the regions practices, she would be sanctioned yet people would not fault the husband which could have told her. By giving gifts from women on behalf of their husband, it softens the gifts and saves face for men as it is unaccustomed for men to offer gifts to the people who are superior over them (Ru pp 2003159-161).Thus this vitrine of gift giving trunk reinforced the hierarchy of men and women and the supremacy of women below men. Besides hierarchy between men and women there are practices between other subordinates and superior such as tenant and landlord, patient role and doctors. People send gifts to their land lord or doctors as a form of gratitude even though there is a contract between them which the tenant or patient has already fulfilled. Interestingly enough even though hospitals forbidden gifts for doctors, patients still send cash gift certificates from high ranked departmental stores to the doctors house.It seems to be a bad custom according to Mrs. Inoue, yet everyone abides by it and they do not consider it as a bribe (Rupp 2003 164). Even with people like Mr. Tanabe who declined a valuable live shrimp gift from his customer as he felt burdened are uncomfortable of calling these practices bribery (Rupp 2003 166). Due to these norms, there is a rising of abuse of the system and forming an example of forced giving by doctors throughout Japan. There are cases that if no value gifts are given to the doctors as a form of gratitude, the quality of the patients care will decrease dramatically.In the conclusion of the book, Rupp emphasizes that the Western concept of gift and marketplace cannot be in the same soil and should not be use in Japanese culture. Rupp uses Mausss theory of reaching back into history to seek explanation and highlight that Western culture have once been like Japanese culture which when gifts are not separated from the realm of buying and selling (Rupp 2003 181). Japan is a place that challenges the stereotype of Western capitalist societies which are characterized almost exclusively by the commodity form with the circulation of independent transaction as alienable objects.Rupp brought up multiple reviews on Japans gift giving practices and evaluates those who critics it as irrelevant and misleading. Japan is a major capitalist fraternity, yet gifts and commodities are not two different realms but entangled together. In Japan, calculation of value on an item might not always be related to the economic realm compared to the Western societies. She concludes that the practice of gift giving in Japan is not so much in relation to an individual level as it is the shaping and solidification of the social order, which then influences the individuals. Notes for reviewOn gift giving guan xi purpose of Gift giving is profession period from its original meaning. Nowadays coporate gift givings are mainly aimed for illicit payments, rottenness and pursuit of self interest instead of the building of guan xi which means relationship or even providing social solidarity in macro levels. rationality gift giving in japan page 20 the practice of gift exchange encompasses a wide range of social and cultural implications. Many purposes are served, such as fulfilling a sense of agreement to return a favor, reci procating a favor, cultivating rapport, and enhancing a willingness to share sad and happy occasions.When the Japanese practice gift giving, they always have some reason why they wish to give a gift to another. A gift without reason is not acceptable For example, when one company in Japan wishes to do business with another company in Japan, a sales representative from the first company will visit the prospective client company and take a small gift, perhaps sweets or candy valued 1,000 yen The Social Death of Unused GiftsSurplus and Value in modern-day Japan page 396 it is the sentimental value we attribute to things we have had a long-term relationship with that keeps us from disposing of them.However, my ? eldwork suggests that in Japan the propensity for not throwing things away is more affected by a feeling of duty than emotional attachment. The duty people felt towards objects is grounded in an awareness of the interrelationship of human and nonhuman entities. In other words , things offer their service to people who, in return, should be thankful and treat objects respectfully Many people receive excessive quantities of these gifts because of the overall increase in af? ence since the economic maturement of the 1970s that has led to an acceleration of the scale of the Japanese gift economy. Because the free of value embodied in unused gifts can only be recouped through sociality (Henderson, 2004), many tried to re-circulate their unused goods through intimate, personal networks. These data thus question accounts that depict Japan as an hierarchical, formal society primarily grounded in ritualized gift exchange. GIFTS BRIBES AND GUAN XI page 399 Clearly guanxi can be used for instrumental purposes, and this usage is recog- nized by members of the society.However, it is referred to as the art of guanxi, be- cause the style of exchange and the appropriateness of the performance are decisive to its effectiveness. The style and manner of gift exchange is not optional rather, it is thoroughgoing to its operation. Although a relationship may be cultivated with in- strumental goals foremost in mind, the forms must be followed if the goals are to be achieved. The relationship must be presented as primary and the exchanges, useful though they may be, treated as only secondary.If, instead, it becomes apparent that the relationship involves only material interest and is characterized by direct and immediate payment, the exchange is classified as one of bribery Gifts, bribes and solicitions page 522 In traditional Chinese society, relationships, quanxi, are moderated and balanced by renqing, obligations of reciprocity (Hwang, 1987). A patient receiving service from a doctor may feel obligated by renqing to reciprocate with an informal payment or gift. Alternatively, patients who desire new or continuing care from a doctor may give a gift or payment as a way of seeking relationship (Lyckholm, 1998).The rules of renqing dictate that if the keeper of a resource accepts a petitioners gift, he or she now has an obligation to provide a service (Hwang, 1987). The implementation of Taiwans system of national health insurance (NHI) in 1995, and the introduction of concepts of consumer rights into minute culture, created tension with the tradition of informal payments (Ensor & Savelyeva, 1998). The premises of NHIthat the health care system had an a priori obligation to provide care and that doctors fees would be set and compensable by a third partystood in sharp contrast to the premises of renqing.This study examines how the meaning of informal payments (red envelopes), as an integral part of the doctorpatient relationship, evolved during the process of healthcare reform in Taiwan. The red envelopes discussed in this paper differ from traditional gift-giving. Red envelopes, in the setting of the doctorpatient relationship, imply the transfer of money or valuables from patients to doctors in return for an enhanced or impro ved medical encounter Dagang salve gift giving and mauss idea Good field world past say about bribery Then conclude bribery is not same with gift giving. Why Conclusion

Wednesday, February 20, 2019

Voices from the Foot of the Cross

This servant girl comes up to me You besides were with savior of Galilee, she says That must be when I first began to lose it I didnt halt to see then I barely fired back, I express l dont bash what youre talking astir(predicate), All the same I moved back a phvirtuoso number, except they were onto me muttering a federal agency I could see they didnt believe me it was resembling they were c to each one(prenominal)ing me a liar because this early(a) girl she shouts out so that every iodine squirt hear This fellow was with messiah of Nazareth. I said l dont hunch over the man I expertness give way sworn a splintering as well to realise them believe me why did they not believe me? I dont timber analogous a liar After a bit they al wholeness started and I knew Id said too more than because they said Surely you are one of them, your accent gives you a fashion. I almost deally lost it then, just now I was too furious to notice I must have said every word unde r the sun to convince them l dont k instanter the man accordingly, immediately after Id said it, a rooster crowed. Then I knew Id lost it. Jesus, what incurs next? O always seemed to k in a flash what would happen next I thought when they flogged you, that would be the end how many men, besotted men at that, can survive a roman type flogging? I thought that would be the end you, whipped to death. Vive seen your back, from a outdistance Vive seen what those erose bones in the whip did to your back eating away at you vehement the muscle from your bonesThese Romans are animals lust Survived for what, because now its worse what could be worse than a Roman flogging only a Roman cross These Romans are animals Do you know about me? Do you know you were right all along ? About me deserting you, about me denying you I am Simon Vive lost Peter Vive lost it Vive lost the person I was with you and now Im losing you. 3. Jesus is mocked by the s disusediers Met 27. 7-31 Monologue a sold ier Im one of those soldiers I had the afternoon off so I came along Ill keep my adduce to myself I wish I hadnt come not now that I can see him I mean, by the time we got our hands on him this morning here wasnt more than left of him in that location never is much left after a flogging and he was a interrupt maker So they said the same as all those neuters from Galilee all the hotheads come from there, causing hustle, disturbing the people, like these people need much to proceed them going especially this week Its one of their festivals Passover they call it And were all on edge in the garrison because things get a bit crazy at Passover its all something about them being set exempt from slavery I dont know sometime way back in the past something about Egypt but its important to them they all ago bit crazyAnd so all the lads are on edge were on the look out for them the neuters any rabble raisers hit the leaders hard that shuts the relief up all the lads had got a bit crazy They started it, the another(prenominal)s, not me I wasnt going to Join in but once everyone was at him I couldnt be left out thats asking for trouble and at least troublemakers get whats coming to them he knew what he was doing last week when he rode that donkey into town he knew what was coming to him text book example faller rides in on a donkey people wave ribbon branches they go nuts and say the king has arrived and theres trouble for everyone then e dont need another of their kings its Just he didnt look like trouble and even less so when they had dressed him up as a king someone got this scarlet robe I mean theres no harm in having a laugh and he was asking for it anyway they put this scarlet robe on him and this crown of thorns now that was dreadful those thorns are sharp the bloke who put it on his head reckons he came off worse all his hands were spiked and bleeding hes a vicious one he rammed it down on the prisoners head no, that was unpleasant I didnt st art the nasty stuff but the nastier it got the more he looked at us not angry just sad I wish hed been angry I wish hed cursed us but he Just looked at us, sad and frightened I wish I hadnt done it I wish I could start forthwith over once again but it was either that or set him free I had to do something so I took the stick I snatched the stick the one they gave him as a staff to go with the crown he wouldnt stop looking at me I had no choice it was too deep by then the others had filled me with like with this poison it was hit him or free him I couldnt have done anything else it was like a madness blow after blow all about his head and there wasnt much of him in the first placeJesus, I cant look at you now even though theyve now done worse to you but I cant stop looking at you because youre looking at them now like you looked at me no revenge no hatred just sorrow sadness not sadness for yourself, but for them and sadness for me as if Im the one who deserves pity like Im th e one in real trouble 4. Jesus crucified Met 27. 32-37 Monologue John adapted from Stages on the Way WAR IANA fellowship peg 1 50 I am John. But I am ashamed to say I have been keeping my distance straight off. Things will get a bit too hot for me if I am seen by the Romans. Jesus kept on telling us, the other disciples ND myself about him suffering and dying. I did listen but I Just never thought it would happen and then when it started, it all happened so quickly. I cannot remember what I was doing or feeling, it is all a blur.I cute to do one last thing for him but when I was postulate I was not there. I would have carried his cross all the way to Goliath if that would have spared him any pain but I was hiding, at the back of the gang. Instead they got a total stranger to do it Simon from Serene. He said he would not have been in Jerusalem today if it had not been for business. The Romans Just ribbed him, a complete stranger, out the work recessy and made him carry Jesus cr oss. He reckoned they asked him because his color makes him stand out and what can a black man say in a crowd of white people? So he carried the cross all the way here. Hadnt got a clue why or what was going on.He watched with me for a tour and he couldnt understand. He kept on asking me What was it all about? Why were they doing this to Jesus? What had he done to merit such corrupting cruelty? What sort of crime deserves the cross? I did not have any answers for him. We watched together in silence as they nailed Jesus to the cross. We flinched each time the hammering fell, driving the nails deeper and deeper into Jesus hands with each strike. I willed the hammer to miss but it hit home every time, twisting and tearing his hands, hands that had brought so much care to others. Simon from Serene kept on asking me What could he have done to deserve this? Once again I had no answer for him.After they had nailed him to the cross, hands and feet, they lifted it up high. near people a ctually cheered. Can you believe it? They cheered The cross thumped into place and I see the agony on his face. Simon and I watched speechless. We were strangers to each other, I had cognize Jesus for ages and Simon had only Just met him but we were both dumb enamored with the horror of it all. Now I stand here watching you behind die Jesus, I remember you told us you would suffer and die. I didnt present it in then and I dont understand it now. I want to do something to help you anything and watch helpless. The last person to help you was a complete stranger. Jesus, I so want to help you, but I cant. 5.Jesus is mocked again Met 27. 38-44 Monologue The anonymous woman who anointed Jesus Im here and trying to think what to do for him. Something always occurs to me. Im never normally at a breathing out for what to do. Dont bother with my name youll only forget it everyone else does. Vive always got something to say for myself I have to Its the only way anyone would ever notice me. All those blokes who employ to hang round, lording it over us, because they were his elite, his disciples they were always noticed, we all know their names I Just dont notice them now theyve all run off into hiding. healthful theres the advantage of being unremarkable no one notices me here now.Me, in a crowd of fools but I am not part of it. They pour out their cruel words, their cheap insults, they let all their hate run over him but Ill have no part in that. I have no words and I can do nothing. Standing here looking at Jesus I am speechless just like the last time I saw him only a few days ago. I was in the erect of Simon the Leper and he was there too and now I think of it he looked sad then he looked like a man with a lot on his mind, like he was carrying a great freight I dont know what came over me- I really dont I Just knew what I had to do It felt like the most obvious thing, but I couldnt have explained why. I had this Jar of perfume, not any old perfume,