Wednesday, July 31, 2019

Oroonoko Matters Of Race And Kingship English Literature Essay

Aphras Behn ‘s Oroonoko tends to concentrate on the intervention of bondage and race, peculiarly Behn ‘s ‘granting of epic stature to an African prince ‘ ( Pacheco 1 ) . This highlights the impression of affinity, and mention to a legitimate sovereign. Behn ‘s novelette of an African slave who was one time a male monarch was published in 1688, the twelvemonth that saw the exsanguine deposition of King James II in England. This essay will seek and research and analyze the connexions between affairs of race and kingship in the novelette. In his article George Guffey challenged such readings by ‘asserting that the significance of Behn ‘s hero resides non in his African beginnings but in his royal blood, his captivity ‘ , ( Lore Metzger 3 ) harmonizing to Guffey, this presents a mirror image of the at hand deposition of the legitimate sovereign, James II. One could construe this as Behn, stand foring hierarchal rules, making a monarchist political orientation ; this is shown in Behn ‘s series of mentions to the executing of Charles I, this creates linkages to Oroonoko ‘s linear as a prince executed by racialist work forces, inferior in hierarchy. The nostalgic imprint of the old order demonstrates the split in English civilization caused by the civil war ‘s wake ; this impression of kingship is shown in Oroonoko when capturers name him Caesar. The storyteller and Oroonoko- Caesar have both received European instructions, as Todd suggests ‘accorded to favor white work forces ; both are victims and donees of socioeconomic systems that discriminate male monarchs from common mans ‘ back uping the privileges of the aristocracy with net incomes of the slave- trade. Oroonoko is described as holding captured and sold black slaves in African wars before he was himself enslaved by a Christian. The storyteller non merely belongs to a slave owning category but ‘clearly supports the chauvinistic colonising endeavor which fuelled and depended on the African Slave trade ‘ ( Todd, 218 ) . Behn uses exuberant description ‘of gold-prospecting ‘ ( 45 ) to propose desirability- in 1688, on the Eve of William of Orange ‘s accession to the British throne- Behn suggests ‘ Ti bemoaned what his stateliness lost by losing that portion of America ‘ ( 59 ) . The storyteller and a hero who are both victims of the slave trade, and by comparing both characters at different minutes, to the Indians, Behn ‘provides a position on ‘the Conquest of America ‘ ( Todd 219 ) demoing impressions of imperialism and kingship. The renaming of slaves can be seen as destructing individuality, slaves were renamed every bit shortly as they arrived in foreign lands, taking individuality and therefore Oroonoko ‘s kingship, nevertheless one could reason the name Caesar given to the character still denotes affinity and creates a certain sum of regard. Throughout the narrative a sort of monarchist discourse pervades Behn ‘s narrative of a prince who is ‘beloved like a Deity ‘ ( 29 ) . After Oroonoko is sold into bondage in Surinam, Behn ‘foregrounds the monarchist myth ‘ ( Anita Dacheco ) . Trefy, who buys Oroonoko, knows he is no ordinary slave, he is at first richly dressed, harmonizing to his societal place, he can non conceal the: ‘Graces of his expressions and Mein The Royal Youth appear ‘d in spight of the slave, even by those who yet knew non that he was a prince ‘ ( p.39 ) Even though disguised, authorization radiances through, this is clearly shown when Oroonoko reaches the plantation, the response of the slaves to his presence make significance of his royal position clear: ‘Live, O male monarch, Long live, O male monarch! And snoging his pess, paid him Divine Homage ‘ ( 41 ) The slaves worship Oroonoko as a God, as Pacheo emphasises ‘It would be difficult to conceive of a more extremist exoneration, of the royal privilege ‘ intending the slaves serve as a map, a literary map, to solidify the rightness and holiness of royal power. Trefry even reflects merrily that Oroonoko ‘s ‘ Grandeur ‘ is ‘confirmed by the Adoration of all the slaves ‘ ( 41 ) . The royalist discourse basically portrays royal power as a natural jurisprudence, with godly intent, shacking the blood of the royal line. The text seeks to reenforce its monarchist political orientation with governing category values, this can be seen by Oroonoko ‘s instruction, the emphasise on preparation as Pacheo references ‘Oroonoko as a European blue blood, with privileges European upper class-culture ‘ , the work forces who contribute to Oroonoko ‘s instruction are gentlemen such as Trefry, a individual of great ‘wit, and all right a cquisition ‘ ( 38 ) . The novelette written at a clip of great intense turbulence in societal power dealingss, endorses the elitist values of the opinion category, formalizing the authorization non merely for the monarchy, but besides of the upper categories that clutter around the throne, ‘allied to it through a shared involvement in continuing the differentiation of familial power ( 496 ) , SOMETHING SHOULD GO HERE. The affairs of race are questioned in Oroonoko ‘s beloved, whom the English rename Clemene. As Todd suggests Imoinda is ‘doubly enslaved- to the Whites, male and female ‘ ( 219 ) one could propose even to her black hubby. In contrast to the storyteller, who stands in relation Oroonoko, as queen or ‘ Petraarchan lady-lord to a vassal- a ‘Great kept woman ‘ ( 46 ) . As Todd provinces ‘Imoinda is an eldritch amalgam of European ideals of European fantasties about married womans of ‘Oriental ‘ tyrants ‘ , she is hence an image of ideal that race can non dispute. Race is shown Behn ‘s portrayal of her African prince, of both his physical visual aspect and his character, is deeply Europocentric: ‘His face was non of that brown rusty Black, His olfactory organ was lifting and Roman, alternatively of African and level, His oral cavity the finest shaped that could be seen: far from those great turned lips, which are so natural to the remainder of the Blacks ‘ ( p 8 ) The text is clearly eager to separate its hero from other inkinesss: his beauty by and large and his single characteristics distance Oroonoko from what the storyteller calls his ‘gloomy Race ‘ ( 6 ) and place him with European thoughts of beauty. The phrase ‘ bating his coloring material ‘ makes his us feel Oroonoko ‘s African beginnings as a liability, a defect in his race. When the novelette comes to see the hero ‘s every bit extraordinary virtuousness. The history of Oroonoko ‘s upbringing stresses his ‘natural disposition to Arms ‘ ( 6 ) , his tuition in ‘ Ethical motives, linguistic communication and Science ‘ ( 7 ) . One could construe this ‘nature ‘ belonging non to primitivism but to royalism, for it is inseparable from elevated birth. We are told of Oroonokos ‘ native beauty ‘ and struck with ‘ an awe and fear, even those that knew non his Quality ‘ ( 6 ) , the word quality combines intensions of virtuousness and high birth, in this novelette a royal birth, which reflects the prince beauty. Individual value is associated with birth, virtuousness with an familial rank which is shown as a natural order. This is a construct of basic hierarchy, virtuousness as Pacheco provinces ‘ virtuousness is purportedly transmitted from one coevals to the following ‘ ( 4 ) , inte nding power and Kingship is legitimised on the impression of worthiness, authorization is presented as familial. Kingship is explored even further when looker-ons are fortunate to witness royalty it inspires ‘Awe and fear ‘ , these picks of words establishes as profoundly right a relationship between the prince and the remainder of humanity. As Pacheco points out ‘there is no reference here of the Doctrine of the Godhead right of male monarchs ‘ this vitally of import to the Stuart sovereign, but the holiness of Kingship is implied as Oroonoko himself is invested with something kindred to divine power.

Tuesday, July 30, 2019

Media Coursework Report Essay

For my AS Media coursework, I chose to use fashion as the genre of my magazine. To help with my pre-production, I had to perform my own qualitative and quantitative research into fashion magazines and find out what my target audience of 15-19 year old girls would want from it. I went on to create the preliminary products which included the front cover and contents page, and from these the main products which were the alternative front cover and double page spread. These were all produced using Photoshop. I began by creating a questionnaire, as this is an effective way of finding out what my target audience will be looking for in a fashion magazine. I included 8 questions which asked some general questions into what the participant is interested in, and some into what they would like to see in a fashion magazine, to help me create my front cover and contents page. I gave 20 questionnaires out to other students aged 16-19 as this fits my target audience. By analysing the results of the questionnaire, I found out a range of information to help my design my front cover. The participants chose  £2.50 as the appropriate price and for the magazine to be produced monthly, which I will apply when creating the front cover. 80% of participants said they would be more likely to pick up the magazine if there was a celebrity on the cover. Therefore, I will ask a friend to pose as a celebrity to make it more appealing to my target audience. 50% of participants wanted to see interviews in the magazine and 30% wanted genre-specific features (in this case, it will be fashion, clothes etc.) which I will make sure to include in the contents page. I formed a focus group with other AS Media students in my class. They were all females, ranged from the ages 16-17, and had an interest in fashion, making them representative of my target audience. I asked them if I should put just one image on the front cover, or add smaller ones around the page to show what’s included inside. The feedback I received was very helpful, and led me to use just the one main photo for my preliminary front cover and  my main front cover, to keep the brand consistent. This keeps it looking professional and stops the page from looking overcrowded and trashy. By textually analysing fashion magazines currently on the market, I discovered a recurring theme among them. The bigger magazines (Vogue, Elle) have been around for much longer, and their cover stars overlap the masthead. However, when analysing Look, I noticed that the masthead overlapped the cover star, suggesting that this magazine is new and lesser known. From this, I decided to have the whole masthead of my magazine visible by audiences for my preliminary front cover as it is new and allows audiences to recognise the brand in future. I then chose to overlap part of the masthead on my main front cover with the cover star, as it is a later issue and audiences should then be able to recognise it. The content analysis allowed me to see what’s included in fashion magazines. This helped when compiling the contents page. Obviously the main part of a fashion magazine is the fashion itself. However, it also includes items related to hair and beauty, interviews, articles, advice and special features. I made sure to include all of these when designing my contents page, but I chose to keep the main focus on fashion. I decided to target my magazine towards teenage girls aged between 15 and 19. I thought this was a good range, as girls in their teens will have a more developed sense of style. From my institutional research, I discovered that many fashion magazines were targeted towards women in their 20s and 30s, and decided to aim mine at a teenage audience. Audiences for fashion magazines such as Vogue and Elle were predominantly female; therefore it was important to include items in the contents and on the cover that would attract a female audience. I also tried to use feminine colours where appropriate in the magazine to indicate the target audience. I also made sure my focus group was a good representation of my target audience, thus making sure they had a clear interest in fashion and fit the age category, which they did. I created my preliminary and main products using Adobe Photoshop which had all the necessary tools I needed to create a realistic and professional  magazine. By comparing my magazine in relation to Vogue, I am able to see the strengths and weaknesses of my production. I began by selecting the images I would use for each page. I used a Fujifilm Finepix S2950 to capture the photos. The models used direct mode of address as this is the most effective way of attracting the audience. I used a hairdryer to create the effect of wind blowing the model’s hair. I chose to use an image with a light background, with a model wearing spring clothing. I think this helped to make the cover look more professional as Vogue often incorporates the colours of the magazine to fit the season. I increased the contrast of the image to make it look brighter and more appealing. I then went on to create puffs around the image, and used only ‘Century Gothic’ font to keep it simple and sophisticated. I used a dark blue for the text as it contrasted well with the pink clothing that the model wore. I made sure to include small details as well, including the bar code, price and date to make the product more realistic. I was very pleased with the outcome of my preliminary front cover as it looked professional in relation to magazines on the market today, and had a similar style to that of Vogue magazine. My next task was the contents page, and from the research I did I was able to see what needed to be included. I wanted to keep it consistent, and so I used the same masthead from the front cover and used it at the top of the contents page. This was used in InStyle’s contents page. I also used the same colour scheme as the front cover, to show that the two are related. I kept the text in columns and split the content into sections, which is what I noticed InStyle and Vogue did when I researched them. I also noticed in the Vogue contents page that there was some information about the front cover image, so I decided to include that in my own, with information on where to buy the clothes. I was quite pleased with the result of my contents page, as I spent a lot of time on it. However, I felt that there was too much white space that could have been filled in. It may have been a good idea to add in some borders to give the page some depth. For the alternative cover, I made sure I kept the same font style and size for my masthead. This is because it is important to keep the brand recognisable. I asked my focus group if this was a good idea and they  agreed, saying it would keep it consistent and professional. All magazines do this, but fashion magazines such as Vogue and Elle often change the colour every month to fit with the theme. I have decided to do the same in my own production, by changing the colour of the masthead and the puffs to a maroon colour, to tie in with the month and season. It also contrasted well with the cover model’s blue dress. Like Vogue, I made sure I kept three puffs around the edges of the main image, to stop them from overlapping. I am really pleased with the outcome of this as I think it could pass as a real magazine. I then went on to create the double page spread in A3 size, and selected my image to cover the whole background. This meant there was no white space left around the edges, but there was still space to put some text. I wanted the image to take up dominant space on the page to catch the reader’s eye, which is what I noticed was used in Vogue’s double page spread. I brightened the image and removed some blemishes on the model to try and reach a flawless image, as perfection is one of the main selling points for a fashion magazine. I set the text out in two columns, as this is the layout that most magazines use, including Vogue. I used ‘Rage Italic’ for the headline, which is what I used for the headline on the cover, to keep a consistent house style. I also added page numbers to the bottom corners, as these small details help to build up a realistic product. I feel that my magazine is very similar to a professional product and would stand out in the market place. It follows the codes and conventions of a typical fashion magazine, and is aesthetically pleasing for the target audience. If I were to change anything, I would make the front cover masthead slightly larger, to make it more eye-catching.

Monday, July 29, 2019

A Study On Triumph Of Will Media Essay

A Study On Triumph Of Will Media Essay The best purpose of documentary would be to discover of addressing the actual is what Stella Bruzzi thinks may be the purpose of the documentary the ideal method. The ‘aim would be to ‘find an ideal method of ‘representing truth as she says it himself. The three underlined phrases are themselves theoretical conditions that are uncertain, thus this is actually the first indicator that documentary mightn't always accomplish its goal. Documentary-style of movies continue to be under discussion may they be regarding how ‘real, this Stella Bruzzi employs the word ‘find' in the place of a far more powerful and term that is particular. Consequently, what's a really documentary based on advocates that are various? The very first author to make use of documentary like a phrase in his overview of Robert Flahertyis Moana, John Grierson, created his dictum that documentary is meaning of fact'. Griersonis essayFirst Concepts of Documentary contended that documentary was theatreis possibility of watching existence might be used in a brand new talent; the "original" actor and "original" picture are greater instructions than their hype alternatives to interpreting today's modern world; which supplies "hence obtained from the natural" could be more actual compared to served post. Unlike Bruzzi's concept of ‘representing' truth, Grierson thinks in ‘interpreting' it. Meaning could be inform of re enactment. Therefore the issue that occurs is - how practical is just a documentary that's moments and stars â€Å"guiding† the film's circulation? Any re enactment or circumstances that were borrowed could be altered to replicate the concept, which leaves almost no room for truth of the repr esentative. The word ‘documentary' comes from the doc' - to share info on the foundation of proof and evidence to aid it, based on the Merriam Webster dictionary. Within the world of movies and theatre, a documentary is just a movie that's an effort, in another or one single style, toshowreality as itreallyis. Another method of determining documentary may be the requirement because it is to fully capture existence - because it normally seems. It requires to become shot surreptitiously, as the objective would be to seize the unawareness has extended to include several extra elements than its unique description of life. ‘Documentaries' was a phrase used to explain films shot on film-stock, which is really a phrase used to explain celluloid's breakthrough - an item much-less delicate compared to document movie used. It's today arrived at include electronic and movie shows, whether for private-use, created-for-Television or for the silver screen. Documentaries' ongoing objective would be to continuously function to recognize a film-making exercise that catches existence because it certainly is, produce a cinematic convention that stays vibrant and fascinating, and lastly, to achieve and continue maintaining an association using the market. There are many kinds of documentary, however for this composition, I'll pit two different ‘documentaries' and evaluation which of those two, allow it to be nearest towards the above meanings that are various. Success of the Will a propaganda movie produced by Leni Riefenstahl and Super-Size Me is just a documentary by Morgan Spurlock would be the two documentaries I'll consider since their styles are different from one another, which can lead to a fascinating evaluation of the documentaries' objective and the things they achieve ultimately. Success of the May/ Success des Willens In 1934 Hitler recommended that Leni Riefenstahl movie this year's celebration move. Hitler needed an initial-price filmmaker to direct the celebration rally's movie, having insisted earlier that he desired to "manipulate the movie in this method that the market is likely to be obviously conscious that being an instrument of propaganda... They're likely to visit a political movie. After I discover governmental propaganda underneath the cloak of artwork it nauseates me. Allow it to possibly be politics or artwork." Riefenstahl required that her very own organization in the place of from the Ministry For Individualsis Enlightenment makes the movie. Hitler guaranteed to not hinder the recording and decided to this need; he granted her total independence to help make the movie she preferred. Though basically her organization funded and dispersed Success of the Will, there's small question the party really supplied the environment in addition to the resources and every service feasible fo r unimpeded movie saving of the function. This displays significantly about the biasness that's contained in the movie. Hitler's SA were recognized for generating concern, as well as if guaranteed to possess disturbance in her documentary, if Riefenstahl did display anything damaging concerning the Party, it might just imply possibly concentration camp or her disappearance. Furthermore, the film's name was recommended by Hitler himself, meaning that in the end it had been dependent of any force. So they wouldn't be apparent within the group the camera team utilized thirty cameras and were fitted as SA males. Though you will find atleast twelve sequences within the movie where cameras can be detected by the cautious viewer at the office, generally the team operating the movie is extremely well-disguised. Success of The Will (1935) "isn't merely a masterpiece completely by itself, separated from governmental or propagandist factors, however in its psychological adjustment of the market presents the center of what propaganda is all about". (Barsam, 1992, 130) Riefenstahl has the capacity to produce a glorified illustration of the NSDAP, or Nazi party, using the utilization of a music rating that invents Hitler as brave. Her capability to represent a party thus triumphantly is mentioned within the relaxing and shifting bits of cinematography when Hitler analyzes his party to some sacred order and provides his ultimate talk. She catches a substance significantly purer compared to the NSDAP, as well as towards the party's efforts of propaganda does significantly more than justice in a means. About the hand, in representing the NSDAP attractive her accomplishments is visible as misrepresenting along with a point could be attracted between reality and hype regarding, whether her glorificati ons are unjust. With correct movie appearance, the excitement of the ideal Indonesia based on them could be pictured for that Nazis but without immediately talking about the modern culture of the 1930s. The 'what it'd end up like if Nazis dominated' plan could be pictured using subjective visuals' utilization along with methods that are other so long as the 'actual' isn't known, in Germany as communities weren't of competition that is genuine. The thought of representing this in a movie and developing a real competition is nearly mythic, however alone ridiculous. To be able to depict an Aryan planet inventive discussion and obvious lies could be required. The moral ramifications behind this, is to be able to produce this perfect culture the fact that the folks themselves should adjust. The Flag-Bearer picture that is excessively recurring represents meaning attached to Nazism; the banner showing the Swastika symbol's addition shows the party's militarized energy. Like a pattern in propaganda, there's huge focus of the will on military icons in Success, triggered seriously experienced feelings related to the former army might of Germany. The editing of Leni Riefenstahl has an understanding in to Success of the Will as propaganda's standing. For instance, one series during the appearance in Nuremberg of Hitler consists of four pictures; the two shots display the old structures of then a German banner and the town consequently addressing the aged, conventional Indonesia. The next two-shots illustrate a Swastika after which Hitler. This series typifies by connecting the beliefs of the standard dogma having a visionary potential Riefenstahl has displayed the Nazi philosophy of the go back to a legendary epoch. Likewise, prior to the town awakening's picture Riefenstahl links a go of a classic chapel to represent Volakis believed, using the move campsite to indicate the Germany. Furthermore Hinton shows that as consequence of these sequences, Success of the Will is greater than a record of the 1934 Nazi Party Move; it's a record of the town of Nuremberg' where the audience increases a feeling of the wonder and background of the ancient center. Moreover, the usage of Nazi and German banners fits in using the utilization of military icons natural within the 3Rd Reich's propaganda. That is also stated by her; ‘In my cutting-room, it had been probably the most challenging function of my entire life' explaining the job that required atleast five weeks to satisfy. She described that she didn't care much about precision about the display which she naturally attempted to locate an unifying method to modify the movie in ways which may steadily consider the audience from work to do something and to impact from impression. When it comes to the pictures utilized, affection for Adolf Hitler, and obviously a propaganda movie, Success of the will does depict truth with force, they're not all lifeless and never reenacted by Riefenstahl. Nevertheless, it's a partial paperwork of the truth. In my opinion if perhaps there is less of allure proven concerning the rallies it'd have now been a genuine documentary, and also the deeper aspect like ghettos and the Holocaust were protected. The latter might have managed to get a far more objective good article, which makes it of the documentary in the place of a propaganda device. Very Size Me Morgan Spurlock chose to get this to documentary to research the ramifications of particular junk food stores items, and also the junk food businesses, especially McDonalds, about the health of culture. This Documentary examines America developing crisis of obesity aswell. Morgan chooses to consume only the food for four weeks of McDonald. He must-eat among everything about the selection at least one time, and he should do when requested to super-size his dinner. Another agreement of Morganis test is the fact that he is able to just consider 000 measures each day, 5 to reproduce that many typical Americans access it a regular schedule to the workout. He should also consume no conditions, three dinners each day of course if it does n't be served by McDonalds Morgan cannot consume it.Morgan enlists three physicians to help him. A cardiologist along with a doctor all examine him out at the start of the experiment that makes it legitimate since there is technology getting and encouragin g reasoning towards the outcomes of the test. Experts including McDonaldis, of the movie, claim that the outcomes might have been exactly the same whatever the supply of overeating and didn't exercise, and the writer deliberately eaten on average 5,000 calories daily. He ate exclusively McDonald's food consistent with the conditions of the possible ruling against McDonaldis in court papers outlined at the start of the movie. The movie handles such arguments by featuring that the area of the reason behind Spurlockis difficult health wasn't simply the high-calorie consumption but additionally the high-quantity of fat in accordance with minerals and vitamins within the McDonald's selection, that will be comparable for the reason that respect towards the dietary information of the selections on most different U.S. fast food stores. About 1/3 of the calories of Spurlock originated from glucose. Bridget Bennett ROAD, their nutritionist, reported him from " milkshakes " about his extra consumption of glucose. It's exposed toward the movie's finish that more than 12 pounds, and more than 30 pounds of glucose, he used " within the span of the dietary plan. of fat from their food". The diet's dietary aspect wasn't completely investigated within the video due to the clinic's closing which supervised this element throughout the recording of the film. Spurlock stated he tried to copy what a typical diet to get a normal eater at McDonaldis--an individual who might get small to no-exercise--might do for them. Spurlock's consumption of 5,000 calories daily was more than twice the proposed daily consumption to get a sedentary person man, which may add up to no more than 2,300 calories. An average guy eating as numerous calories as Spurlock did might acquire almost a pound each day (that will be approximately just how much Spurlock acquired), an interest rate of fat gain that may not be suffered for extended periods. Furthermore, Spurlock declare or didn't show that anybody, not to mention a considerable number of individuals, takes at McDonaldis 3 times daily. Actually McDonald's is described throughout the film to possess two courses of consumers of the restaurants: you will find the "Heavy Users," (about 72% of the customers, who consume at their restaurants a couple of times a week), and also the "SUPERHeavy Users" (about 22% of th e customers, who consume McDonaldis 3 or even more occasions a week). But no body was discovered who consumed at McDonaldis 3 times each day. Spurlock stated that he ate in four weeks the quantity of junk food many nutritionists recommend somebody must consume in ten years. Although anxiety about junk food provokes, he does not recognize that bad diet isn't the only real reason for obesity, which the he explains is cause enough to think about the obligation must actually maintain the organizationis fingers. What Spurlock does precisely is the fact that their own philosophy is reflected by him. Prior to going for that test and recording it he was obvious in regards to what he desired to display from the end-of it and labored towards it, thus it could be discussed he created the documentary together with his biasness to his concept, and providing more protection towards the latter in the place of causing more stability representation like the impact and stress on Americans from the continuous ads about junk food. Assessment of both documentaries In the data provided above concerning the documentaries under consideration the very first thing that's very important to notice may be the proven fact that Success of the Will was a concept while, super-size Me was the thought of a regular filmmaker Morgan Spurlock recommended by Adolf Hitler. This really is an essential reality to become taken into account since fundamentally goal and the philosophy meant by Adolf Hitler and Morgan Spurlock is what'll ‘direct' the suggestions shown within the documentary, thus, detachment could be sacrificed. For truth in order to truly have a genuine documentary there must be preferably to become totally present, no draw-backs on detachment within the manifestation of suggestions. Adolf Hitler was a dictator ruling over a strong nation like Indonesia, capacity and his impact to pressurise Leni Riefenstahl was undeniable. On the other hand, Morgan Spurlock was simply a completely independent representative. What type of detachment and impartiality (two extremely important topics to replicate truth) may one assume from the representative operating under a master who managed the populace through concern? Each documentaries' reasons are opposites. Success of the Will was meant to be considered a propaganda movie that was political. Propaganda is in the end; a kind of conversation targeted at affecting the perspective of the neighborhood toward placement or some trigger. Propaganda in its simplest feeling, provides information mainly to affect an audience compared toimpartially supplying info. Propaganda frequently provides details uniquely (hence possiblylying by omission) to motivate a specific activity, or employs packed communications to create an emotional in the place of logical reaction to the info offered. The specified outcome is just a change of the perspective toward the topic within the audience to help agenda that is apolitical. Compared to this, super-size Me was not less with making awareness to do. Making consciousness may be capability or the condition to understand, even to beconsciousof occasions, or to experience. Within this degree of awareness, an observer can co nfirms feeling information without fundamentally implyingunderstanding. This implies that Spurlock not aimed at affecting individuals to conscious although totally revolt against junk food but atleast beware of the dangerous ramifications of it. It is left by him upon the market without brainwashing them to create their option. Success of the Will's demonstration is what John Grierson, forefather might categorise under Graceful style. Documentary flourish on the visual of a filmmaker and subjective aesthetic meaning of the various audio that is topic, along with it is chosen within the Success of Will, the same as for various moments. By comparison, Super-Size me is what Grierson might classify under participatory style, by which filmmakers transfer from behind the camera and seem as his test is carried out by topics within their own work-like Spurlock herself and becomes the primary topic of the documentary. The timeframe by which both documentaries are occur will also be essential factors to become mentioned. Success of the Will was set in Philippines, wherever everyone was in the centre of Nazi innovation and political mayhem in 1935. In unlike 2004 America wherever Super-Size Me is shot, the audience's flavor has improved significantly. Viewers of Very Size Me aren't just in the USA but planet around, that wasnot Success of the Will's goal market, the latter was intended for just the Germans. To increase this, Italians in 1934 were equally less informed compared to market of 2004, since among the main problems in those days of Germany was low-education. Thus, propaganda films worked to its total potential as people sort or wouldn't question their very own views; nevertheless, exactly the same CAn't be anticipated from generous thinking people in 2004. Of what market all over the world need now the flavor is from that which was anticipated in 1930's different. Today, reality and truth within controversy's type is what truly gets people's interest. You can surprise if the market of 1930 might have preferred to look at documentary that is actual, imagine if Success of the Will was to incorporate moments in the focus camps might have the market replied towards the documentary? Finally, editing and a large part play in addressing truth. The camera may seize all of the reality there's to become taken, however the market ultimately notice after cutting completed within the editing space what's presented. Representative's selection of pictures, moments and audio is what's fundamentally shown within the documentary. Quite simply, perhaps a few people's option or just one or philosophy is chosen and offered towards the market. The choice of the representative doesn't always need to replicate the truth. Therefore is truth actually displayed in documentaries? Summary Bibiolography:  · Stella Bruzzi, New Documentary: a vital Launch, Routledge, 2000  · Paul Ward, Documentary: The prices of truth, Wallflower Press, 2005  · Bill Nichols, Launch to Documentary, Indiana University media, 2001  · Michael Renov, Theorizing Documentary, Routledge, 1993 * Lee, J., 2008 08-may"Propaganda Methods in Early Documentary Videos: An in depth Evaluation with Eight Products"Document presented in the yearly assembly of the Organization for Training in Writing and Mass-Communication, Marriott Downtown, Dallas, ILOnline.2009-05-23fromhttp://www.allacademic.com/meta/p272071_index.html * Henrik Juel, Determining Documentary Movie, http://pov.imv.au.dk/Issue_22/section_1/artc1A.html * Malene Jorgensen, What's a Documentary? Determining the Faculties of the Documentary Movie, http://documentaryfilms.suite101.com/article.cfm/what_is_a_documentary, Sep 11, 2009 * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leni_Riefenstahl * Jill Godmilow, in discussion with Ann Louise Shapiro, How actual is actual may be the truth in documentary film? http://www.nd.edu/~jgodmilo/reality.html * http://classes.design.ucla.edu/Spring04/161A/projects/Wes/Exercise_B/mainpage.html * Sue Abbott, Video analysis: Nazi philosophy in Leni Riefenstahlis 'Success of the Will', http://www.helium.com/items/468495-movie-analysis-nazi-ideology-in-leni-riefenstahls-triumph-of-the-will * Caoimhe Crinigan, Video analysis: Nazi philosophy in Leni Riefenstahlis 'Success of the Will', http://www.helium.com/items/1463308-the-nazi-filmmaking-of-leni-riefenstahl-to-be-deplored-and-respected * http://www.oppapers.com/essays/Supersize-Me-Conceptual-Analysis/141479 * http://www.megaessays.com/viewpaper/28660.html * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Awareness * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Documentary_film * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Documentary_mode * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Super_Size_Me

Sunday, July 28, 2019

Business Ethics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words - 8

Business Ethics - Essay Example This immoral and illegal policy of Great Benefits against its policyholders eventually took its toll when one of its policyholders died when Great Benefits denied the coverage of bone marrow transplant which could have saved his life. This resulted for Rudy Baylor to file a lawsuit against the company. In addition to this already immoral and fraudulent policy of Great Benefits, it also showed no sense of business ethic when it still kept on accepting new policy holders despite its inability to keep its obligation of coverage to its clients. The company is already incurring massive debts and its strategy of accepting more clients to keep the company afloat showed business callousness because Great Benefits never intended to cover them in case they will file for claim. In effect, Great Benefits is toying with its policyholders fate just to keep its business afloat. Great Benefits insurance did not incorporate itself as an insurance company to deliberately defraud its policy holders. For sure, just like any other companies, it must had some lofty ideals to serve its policyholders only that certain circumstances forced it to chose course of business actions that are not only deemed immoral, but illegal as well. What happened to Great Benefits was that it did not have enough capital reserve to cover the claims of its policyholders. It was burdened with debt that made its financial position to settle obligations precarious. Instead of making a loan to increase its capital reserve, Great Benefits opted to take the easier alternative, albeit immoral and illegal, to take in more policyholders to keep itself afloat financially. The first policy that I will devise is how to avoid such unethical, immoral and illegal act from ever happening again. I issue a policy that for a certain number of policyholders, there should be a corresponding

The Impact of Oil spills on our Eco-system Essay

The Impact of Oil spills on our Eco-system - Essay Example The blowout preventer which was expected to alert and prevent the release of oil into the natural environment, failed to activate thus causing disastrous environmental consequences (BBC News, 2012). Furthermore, according to reports, the miss management at BP and its inability to control or prevent the damage is held accountable as one of the key reasons of this huge environmental disaster. The report presented by the Oil Spill commission, stated BP had relatively little knowledge regarding the geology of the site in question, which is perhaps the main underlying cause of the disaster. Apart from that there were several other factors such as oversight and the inability of the management to ensure effective implementation of proper safeguards to prevent such an event from happening. The report also stated that over and above the failure to predict the unfortunate event, BP also failed to implement adequate safety and control measures to prevent the damage (Oil Spill Commission Report, 2011). 2. Describe the risk factors associated with this incident/accident. Apart from the loss of lives of the workers and employees working on the rig, the oil spill has lead to several ecological, social, financial as well as environmental consequences. ... oard), BP was aware of the significant safety issues, well before the explosion occurred but still implemented cost cuts of about 25 per cent during the years 1998 and 2000. This measure on the part of the management led to a significant negative impact on the maintenance and infrastructure expenditures at the refinery (Regester and Larkin, 2008). Also the design of the cement used to seal the bottom of the well was flawed and ought to have been repaired promptly to avoid the dangerous consequences. The management failed to analyze the problem with the seal, and incorrectly validated the test result by approving it, despite the apparent fault. The workers hired on site, failed to foresee the looming disaster, and alert the concerned management regarding the same, which resulted in the blowout (BBC, 2011). 5. What were the short-term effects of this incident/accident on the surrounding environment? Any disaster of this magnitude and scale is likely to result in threatening consequence s which reach beyond the routine issues faced by organizations in their day to day operations. The short term effects of the BP Oil spill are listed below: Source: BBC News (2011) - Impact on the marine life: The oil spill underwater affects the marine environment causing damage to the aquatic life. The site of the oil spill is home to a wide variety of rich and diverse marine life including cold-water corals, fish, etc. Furthermore it is also reported that the endangered sperm whales frequent this water bed in search of giant squid and other prey. The oil spill destroyed the natural habitat of these species and affected their life cycles in the process. Since the marine species are highly interdependent, the food web is completely destroyed. - The environment: As many as 60,000 sea birds

Saturday, July 27, 2019

Cross Cultural Communication Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words - 2

Cross Cultural Communication - Essay Example Conceptually, the aspect of ‘cross-cultural communication’ can be apparently viewed as a mix of various other fields that include ‘cultural studies’, ‘psychological studies’, ‘anthropological studies ’and ‘communication’. Specially mentioning, cross-cultural communication acts as a push factor assisting the management of diverse organisations to follow appropriate communication based strategies (Tonnen, 2004). This type of communication has intense implications in the development of critical understanding about social relationships. Arguably, it is in this context that analysing social relationships along with the working styles of different cultures often acts as the foundation of successful global business associations (Jayakumaran, n.d.). This essay aims at critically evaluating the major facets of Hall’s high along with low context cultural models and analysing two nations falling into each category, i.e. Japan and India for high context culture and Australia and Germany for low context culture model. Moreover, the essay would also analyse four instances of business communication with illustration to particular corporations operating in the selected four countries in correspondence to each context cultural model based on Hall’s theory. Hall’s contextual model of culture describes how different cultures prefer the use of higher contextual messaging for making regular communication rather than using lower contextual messaging techniques. The model also helps in understanding the effects of culture on the communication process (Lange & Paige, 2003).The major facets of Hall’s high along with low context cultural model have been described in the following. Cultures belonging to higher context cultural model generally follow the notion of collectivism as they focus towards prioritizing the welfare of society rather than being concerned over individual benefits. It can be viewed that high context cultural model is

Friday, July 26, 2019

Ethics assignment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Ethics assignment - Essay Example have said that this serial has disregarded all forms of ethical values. According to virtue theories, virtuous character traits are developed in one's youth. Adults are responsible for instilling virtues in the young. (Ethics, excerpts from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy). What are the serial teaching children It has portrayed a historical leader as a dubious, violent, rude and repulsive character! The character Mohandas thrives on slang! Even cursing has been uplifted by making use of a historical language like Sanskrit. (That is sheer blasphemy!) This view has been strongly supported by the PTA and PTC who specifically condemn the extreme violence. They further argue using Kant's categorical imperative1 which says "Treat people as an end and never as a means to an end" (qtd.in. Ethics, excerpts from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy) saying that people's anger and the whole controversy is being used to make the serial popular. Is such a success morally right Duty theories consist of many duties, among which are duties towards others. German philosopher Samuel Pufendorf divided these duties2 into three; among which was-"avoid wronging others". The Indians are being wronged here by insulting their "Father of the Nation". The very fact that the character was named Mohandas Satyagraha in the original memo and made to act violently and regressively shows the deliberate attempt to make Gandhi a laughing stock! "Satyagraha" means the eternal follower of truth, whereas this character does no such thing! Why does the West repeatedly try to undermine the image of Gandhi, whether it is the MTV "Clone High" (Clone High, Wikipedia Encyclopedia) or "The Great Gandhi" Normative ethics says that we should do to others what we would want others to do to us.(Ethics, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy) Would the West accept one of their leaders made fun of in this way and to this extent Gandhi stood for peace and non-violence. While the whole world admired this quality this serial is denouncing and making a mockery of that principle! India respects him even today and looks up to him. This act will not go unnoticed. People will definitely protest this. Citing the theory of Act-Utilitarianism3 the consequences of this action should have been considered. (Ethics, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy). This great leader's memory has been damaged. Who will pay for it The recent list of duties given by British philosopher W.D.Ross, under Duty Theory includes Reparation or the duty to compensate others when we harm them. (Ethics, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy) Who is going to compensate this moral damage caused This is merely an act of Ethical Egoism4. Only the profit of the production has been considered, completely ignoring people's sentiments. Gandhi is called the "Mahatma" in India. "Mahatma" means, 'the great soul'. People also called him "Bapu" or 'Father'. He was like God to Indians. Is this the way to treat such a revered figure Gandhi's character has been degraded and slurred. The same Gandhi who had introduced the term "Harijans" or 'people of God' to describe the lower caste people and abolish the caste system in India. It is as if, a deliberate attempt of racism. 'The great Gandhi' is like a blemish on the spirit of India! Counterviews 'The New Adventures of the Great Gandhi' is a comedy which revolves around the character Mohandas, based on the real Mohandas

Thursday, July 25, 2019

Review to the book Capitalism, Socialism and democracy Essay

Review to the book Capitalism, Socialism and democracy - Essay Example The criticism of Schumpeter is reasoned and well-informed. His views in sociology are similar to Weber's. In "Marx the Economist" Schumpeter provides critique of the labor theory of value from the point of modern economic theory. His critics boils down to that the "labor theory does not account for values in exchange except on special and unrealistic assumptions; if those assumptions are made, then the propositions of the labor theory follow from the modern theory, which can thus explain all the labor theory can explain; and the modern theory can explain things the labor theory cannot explain" (Schumpeter: 24). Also Schumpeter discusses a number of other aspects of Marx's theory and composes a list of advantages and disadvantages. However, while he criticizes Marx's position that capitalism will eventually self-destroy, the reader may notice that his own views in this regard do not differ much from those of Marx's: Schumpeter believes that capitalism bears the seed of its own destruc tion. In the second part titled "Can Capitalism Survive" Schumpeter continues to argue that Marx is right in a way. He believes that Capitalism transform into socialism but the process of transformation will not occur in the way envisaged by Marx. There will be no economic crises and instead of it will be a growing crisis of legitimacy that caused by the progress of rationalization - the view that reflects the essence of Weber's teaching. He insists on that capitalist societies will become socialistic because intellectuals will persistently protect change in a socialistic direction. Simultaneously, Schumpeter underlines the great strength of capitalism which he believes lies in a very simple and powerful schema of motivators. The promises of wealth, coupled with the threats of poverty are powerful enough to attract the majority of normal people and leave those whom reject them in the minority. They are addressed to ability, energy and capacity for work; but if there were a way of measuring either that ability in general or the personal achievement that goes into any particular success, the premiums actually paid out would probably not be found proportional to either. Impressive rewards are thrown to a small minority of winners, thus " propelling much more efficaciously than a more equal distribution would, the activity of that large majority of businessmen who receive in return a very modest compensation or nothing or less than nothing, and yet do their utmost because they have the big prizes before their eyes and overrate their chances of doing equally well... both business success and business failure are ideally precise. Neither can be talked away. (Schumpeter: 73). Also Schumpeter maintains certain modern developments that have reduced the competitiveness of the capitalist economy. The neo-classical economists' analyses of the capable distribution of resources in an equilibrium state are not of much practical interest, since conditions change so rapidly that the system will never come into equilibrium. The capitalist economy will disappear because of gale of innovation. "A system - any system, economic or other - that at every given point of time fully utilizes its possibilities to the best advantage may yet in the long run be inferior to a system that does so at no given point of

Wednesday, July 24, 2019

Oflactory and Gustative Marketing Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Oflactory and Gustative Marketing - Assignment Example Most marketing activities in hotels adopt a visual marketing since there is a deep connection between brands and customer involvement. Due to the increase in competition in businesses today, many marketers have employed the olfactory stimuli to capture the attention of buyers. Olfactory marketing makes the customers linger longer in retail surrounding, and this lures them to making impulse purchases. Scent marketing has become a fast emerging trend in marketing. The trend recognizes the need for companies to strive and reach their target customers through sight and sound. As Kimmel (2010) noted, difficulties faced by marketers in trying to reach the audience makes scent-related marketing understandable. The principle behind the olfactory branding is uniqueness and consistency (Dooley, 2012). Controlling the olfactory environment is there necessary since people tend to associate smells with products or the store. To support the olfactory marketing, companies should consider using olfactory packaging on their products. Olfactory packaging is way of packing products in a manner that appeal to the sense of smell (Kimme l, 2012). Many researchers have been trying to investigate the effect that the olfactory sign exert on clients and the approach behaviors they were exhibiting. The researchers observed that products in the scented store remained for a short period as compared to those in unscented store. Merchandise evaluations showed that the intention to purchase a backpack while no scent was present was only 2.29 while after the application of the scent the scale rose to 2.97. The researcher findings proved that odors and their many features have the capability of affecting a customer’s perception of services and products (Cherish & Oktavian, 2012). One can conclude by saying that adequate scent exploitation is of great importance in marketing and other business activities. Gustative

Tuesday, July 23, 2019

ROLE OF VIRTUAL ORGANIZATIONS Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

ROLE OF VIRTUAL ORGANIZATIONS - Research Paper Example Results were as expected and the findings implied that virtual organizations offer a fashionable way of carrying out virtual businesses guaranteeing proper communication between the employees and e-consumers, ensuring low cost management, promising time-saving transactions and assuring a well collaborative environment with safe conduction of e-commerce, all based on some pixels on the computer screen. Current theories focus on the virtual world which is an online imaginary world or cyberspace world where people live imaginary lives, also called the Second Life, in which they establish and maintain businesses and make real money. The business in a virtual world is referred to as virtual business, the product produced is called virtual product, but the money made is real. In a virtual organization (VO), nothing really exists, or exists â€Å"as pixels dancing on the computer screens of people who inhabit the online virtual world† (Hof). Businesses are carried out on personal computers. Businessmen log into their accounts, interact with their employees, get updated about their performances, carry out commerce online, pay salaries using online payment websites, shop online and make sales online. A VO is a complete world in itself, having virtual products, goods and services. It has its own virtual economy which can even let one own a piece of land. The virtual currency can eve n be converted in to real dollars. VOs have made business possible that only exists in somebody’s brains without the need of tables, desks, chairs, offices, buildings, and cups of tea over meetings. Research has shown that VOs also play a major role in carrying out e-commerce, very much similar to real world. There are auction sites where one can place bids or sell something that one owns. One makes payments and gets paid online. There are shopping websites that let you shop whatever you want while sitting in the comfort of

Gradgrind and Bounderby in the opening five chapters Essay Example for Free

Gradgrind and Bounderby in the opening five chapters Essay Explore how Dickens establishes the characters of Gradgrind and Bounderby in the opening five chapters of Hard Times and how he influences the reader opinion of them. The purpose of this assignment is to consider what the author of Hard Times; Charles Dickens in actuality thinks of the two characters Mr Thomas Gradgrind and Mr Josiah Bounderby in the opening five chapters of the novel. Furthermore I am trying to explore how Dickens tries to influence our view on the two characters on our first impression. In the opening chapter, The one thing needful, we start to discover Mr Gradgrinds harsh and unpleasant personality. On the first line Gradgrind, who we dont identify at this stage of the book, says, Now, what I want is, Facts, Teach these boys and girls nothing but Facts, Facts alone. .. root out everything else. This implies to us that Gradgrind doesnt want his pupils to have a single element of enjoyment inside them, and suggest that the children will be sorrowful rather than in high spirits whilst being educated. Dickens also starts to bring an element of gloom into the book for the reason that on the second chapter he starts describing the classroom as prison like, when Dickens give emphasis to the scene by describing it, The scene was a plain, bare, monotonous vault of a school room. Dickens goes on to speak about how the speaker fitted in well with this room, by saying how, The emphasis was helped by the speakers square wall of a forehead, which had its eyebrows for its base, while his eyes were found commodious cellarage in two dark caves, over shadowed by the wall. In chapter two, Murdering The Innocents, Thomas Gradgrind is portrayed and introduced by Charles Dickens. He commences by telling us how Gradgrind is a man of realities and of facts and calculations. Dickens then tells us how Gradgrind would deposit himself as a model citizen. In the same chapter we are introduced to a girl named Sissy Jupe who in Gradgrinds eyes was girl number twenty. She was selected by Gradgrind to introduce herself to him. But instantly Gradgrind is displeased with her after she gave him her nickname, so after a small debate between the two, Gradgrind decided she ought be called Cecilia. After an additional discussion between the two about Sissys fathers occupation, which Gradgrind decided was a veterinary surgeon and horse breaker. Sissy was asked to define a horse. Sissy struggled, so Gradgrind asked Bitzer, a intellectual student to classify a horse, which he did without any problem. But Dickens describes him by telling us, His cold eyes would hardly have been eyes, but for the short ends of lashes His short cropped hair sandy freckles on his forehead and face His skin was so unwholesomely deficient in the natural tinge. We begin to dislike both Gradgrind and Bitzer and favour Sissy because Gradgrind humiliated Sissy and since Bitzer was one of these students full of facts and no fun we feel like he adds salt into the wound. In chapter three, A Loophole we finally get an insight into Thomas Gradgrinds home-life where we are first introduced to his family of five children all models of Mr Gradgrind. We also find out that his house is called Stone Lodge, which was situated one or two miles from a town formerly known as Coketown. We are told that his children are starved of imagination and were bought up on facts and instead of having drawers and cabinets full of the enjoyable fixations children boast, the Gradgrind children have cabinets full of various departments of science. When we finally get to see Louisa and Tom, Mr Gradgrinds Children they are at a circus, since Gradgrind had evidently objected to the principle of fun in the opening chapters in the book, we are drawn into the story when we want to identify how Gradgrind will respond towards his own children who are in a circus. Then when we hear Louisa Gradgrind talk about why she and young Tom Gradgrind came, She said, Wanted to see what it was like. The way she speaks this is almost robotic just like Bitzer from the school. After this question of, why, from Gradgrind, he discovers it was Louisas idea, Gradgrind was even more upset with the pair. At the end of this chapter we hear Gradgrind say to himself, what would Mr Bounderby say as if Mr Bounderby was the equivalent of Mrs Gradgrind? In chapter 4, Mr Bounderby we find out who Mr Bounderby is, Dickens describes him as, A rich man: banker, merchant, manufacturer A big, loud man, with a stare and a metallic laugh. A man made out made out of a coarse material A man with a great puffed head and forehead, swelled veins in his temple. This makes me imagine Josiah Bounderby as a big industry man whose main interest is money as he is after all a banker. But according to him he was born a poor citizen who is a self-made success, and described himself to Mrs Gradgrind as a man without, a shoe on his foot. As to a stocking. I didnt know such a thing by name. I passed the day in a ditch, and the night in a pigsty. Thats the way I spent my tenth birthday. Not that a ditch was new to me, for I was born in a ditch. This may make us feel slightly remorseful for Bounderby. Later on in the chapter we find out that Sissy Jupes father Mr Jupe has ran away, and this is seen as a problem for Mr Gradgrind and Bounderby because Sissy is a student at Gradgrinds School and she has no mother or anyone else really to turn to apart from Mr Sleary the circus keeper. Gradgrind decided to adopt Sissy therefore she could help look after Mrs Gradgrind aswell as become a good student at Gradgrinds model school. Sissy accepted this proposition, all of which made Bounderby upset and in distress over the idea of a teenager who was not brought up on facts will be sharing his lifestyle. At of this stage in the book makes us wonder if Gradgrind is really as harsh as he looks like he is or he is going to use Sissy as a servant to help look after Mrs Gradgind and the house. The writer also turns us against Bounderby because he wont help give an orphan a further opportunity in life and education. Continuing in this chapter we also begin to realise the affections Josiah Bounderby has for Louisa. Even though he admires Tom as he more than admires Louisa, Later on in the novel Bounderby goes on to marry Louisa. So when Bounderby kisses Louisa and then goes off, she grabs a cloth to rub her cheek where Bounderby kissed her, and Tom describes her rubbing her cheek so firmly that shell rub a hole in her face. And she replies by saying you may cut the piece out with your penknife , This makes us think that Louisa doesnt appreciate Josiahs affections. Finally my assessment shows Gradgrinds and Bounderbys personalities are based on facts, but through the story Gradgrind was becoming a better character whilst Bounderby was still depraved. And how he had affections for Louisa and then wanted to marry her later on in the novel shows that he is determined to get what he wants, without the opinion of others.

Monday, July 22, 2019

High Fidelity- Character anaysis Essay Example for Free

High Fidelity- Character anaysis Essay Rob is a morose person who needs this excuse to always complain. Hes a very pessimistic person, who cant seem to find a positive outlook in anything. Rob is also a very self-conscious person who is not content with himself. He believes that he lacks in the areas he views as important in his life. He depends on his woman to keep him happy, and judges his life according to the woman hes with. He simply cant manage to be happy without one. His unhappiness drives him to be very critical and judgmental to the world around him. He makes a jerky remark to everything he notices. All and all Rob has a weak character which depends on other things rather than himself to be happy. Rob seems to be a very pessimistic person. He sees everything in a negative fashion because he is not content with his life, and assumes it is impossible for things to improve. Once Rob returns home after seeing Marie sing with another man, he feels depressed and turns to his records for some sort of reassuring escape: Is it so wrong, wanting to be home with your record collection? Its not like collecting records is like collecting stamps, or beermats, or antique thimbles. Theres a whole world in here, a nicer, dirtier, more violent, more peaceful, more colorful, sleazier, more dangerous, more loving world than the world I live in; there is history, and geography, and poetry, and countless other things I should have studied at school, including music. (Hornby, 83) Rob seems to feel as though his records are the only thing he can rely on. Everyone has some sort dependence on certain sentimental things, be it a pet, friend or family member. In Robs case, his music is the only constant that will never let him down. He sees a whole different world inside his music, one which doesnt value the real worlds standards or values. It brings him somewhere else for a bit, somewhere which doesnt remind him of the depressing things in his life. It seems to me that with those discouraging thoughts it drives him to be very pessimistic. Without even  talking to Marie he assumed right off the bat that she was going to hook up with the man she was singing with. He didnt even try to show he cared in the least. His pessimism led him to give up on Marie very quickly, without even looking at the possible positive side. These actions show he has a very pessimistic outlook on life which is driven by his low self-esteem. Rob also seems unsatisfied with himself. Too inadequate to be happy in a world where he feels he doesnt belong. Im here , in this stupid little flat, on my own, and Im thirty-five years old, and I own a tiny failing business, and my friends dont seem to be friends at all but people whose phone numbers I havent lost. And if I went back to sleep and slept for forty years and woke up without any teeth to the sound of Melody Radio in an old peoples home, I wouldnt worry that much, because the worst of life, i.e., the rest of it, would be over. And I wouldnt even have had to kill myself. (74) Rob looks at every aspect of his life and feels so insufficient that he doesnt even see the reason for living. He feels like he has no substance in his life. From having no true friends, to a failing job. All the characteristics that he values to be a person worth living, have failed him. I think his mother plays an important role in Robs low self -esteem as she even degrades him and offers him no support. She doesnt even comfort him after the break-up with Laura, yet just criticizes and tells him that she would have left [him] to get on with it years ago. (48) She demeans his job, and adds to his low self-confidence. Parents are supposed to be supportive in times of unhappiness. Parents are the people who are supposed to love unconditionally, but in Robs case it seems that they only regard the negative aspects of his life which definitely cannot improve his situation. He feels so inadequate because he has no one to turn to or depend on. He wants to run [himself] down, feel sorry for [himself], celebrate [his] inadequacies. (72) Rob depends on a woman to keep him happy. He believes his woman defines him as a person, and each time he is without one he is miserable. Sometimes it seems as though the only way a man can judge his own niceness, his own decency, is by looking at his relationships with women- or rather, with prospective or current sexual partners. (68) He judges himself according to the woman hes affiliated with. He doesnt see himself as a full person without a woman. He believes that women are going to save [him], lead [him] through to a better life, that they can change and redeem [him]. (63) Rob is basically willing to be whatever his woman wants of him. Even his relationship with Sarah Kendrew was one of convenience because he had no one else, and wanted to feel equal to his companion. Charlie had made him feel inadequate and less of a person than her, so his relationship with Sarah was one where he had someone to lean on through his time of getting over her. Sarah made it easier for him because she was going through the same situation. They were just staying together to have someone to lean on, and not be alone. He was her moment just as Charlie was mine, and when they split, Sarah had sworn off men for a while, just as I had sworn off women. It made sense to swear off together, to pool our loathing of the opposite sex and get to share a bed with someone at the same time. Our friends were all paired off, our careers seemed to have hardened into permanence, we were frightened of being left alone for the rest of our lives. (29) Rob just couldnt handle being alone. It was easy for him to make the relationship with Sarah work because she felt the same, and had the same problems he did. His weak character leads him to depend on woman to keep him happy and satisfied. Rob was also a very judgmental and critical person. His views on music could not be challenged, as he also evaluated woman according to their musical interests and favorite movies. His views were a little harsh sometimes, and he believed he was quite educated in certain areas, which therefore lead to his many judgments. Id say there were millions like me, but there arent, really: lots of blokes have impeccable music taste but dont read, lots of blokes read but are really fat, lots of blokes are sympathetic to feminism but have stupid beards, lots of blokes have a Woody Allen sense of humor but look like Woody Allen. Lots of blokes drink too much, lots of blokes behave stupidly when they drive cars, lots of blokes get into fights, or show off about money, or take drugs. I dont do any of these things really; if I do OK with women, its not because of the virtues I have, but because of the shadows I dont have. (28) Rob makes a comment on every possible singer, songwriter, actress/actor he can. His critical attitude makes him look like a jerk. He acts above the people he criticizes to make him feel better about himself. He has a judgment on everything. Besides being critical to himself, hes critical to the world around him because he is miserable. He sees the negative in everything which makes him as opinionated as he is. His frustration makes him angry at everything and everyone around him. All and all, Robs depressive, dependent, self-conscious and critical attitudes demonstrate that he has a weak character. His pessimism leads to his depression, as his low self-esteem leads to his criticisms. He has a very miserable life because he doesnt even live up to his own standards. He depends on a woman to make him happy, which is completely unrealistic. Rob will never manage to be happy because he always manages to criticize and demean everything thats going on around him.

Sunday, July 21, 2019

Franklin D. Roosevelts Foreign Policy

Franklin D. Roosevelts Foreign Policy An encyclopedia on Franklin D. Roosevelts Foreign Policy. Democratic Politician, Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945), started his presidential career as the 32nd President of the United States on Nov 8, 1932. He would go on to serve four terms as President and would introduce key Government programs such as The New Deal and Social Security. Prior to his presidency, he was the governor of New York from 1929 to 1932, an Assistant Secretary of the Navy from 1913 to 1920 and Member of the New York State Senate from 1911 to 1913. Before the election of Roosevelt, the United States of Americas isolationist foreign policy -under the Kellogg-Briand Pact in 1928 -forbade war as a tool to resolve conflicts; it also forbade the distribution of arms and munitions and implements or other articles for use in war to any country which the President declared was a violator of the Kellogg Pact -this pact was signed by Germany, France, the U.S. and many more.[1] In contrast to Roosevelts victories was his unfortunate choice for the U.S. ambassadorship to Germany (William E. Dodd) on August 30, 1933[2]. Dodd, who did not possess the finesse it took to be a diplomat and knew little about American international policy or European problems, did not speak German well, and spoke too harshly and impulsively of the Nazi movement in the pre-war years; he was also described as a babe-in-the-woods in the dark forests of Berlin,[3] -his appointment is considered as one of Roosevelts biggest political mistakes. After the League of Nations reticence to handle the second Italo-Ethiopian war, Roosevelt, on August the 1st of 1935, urged Benito Mussolini, Prime Minister of Italy, to accept arbitration on the conflict and maintain peace -this declaration was meet with appreciation by Ethiopias Emperor, Haile Selassie, however, the U.S. was very careful not to intervene in the matter.[4] Moreover, In January of 1936, Roosevelt, in response to the injustices of the Treaty of Versailles not being resolved by the League of Nations, said wicked dictators -referring to Germany, Italy and France -have impatiently reverted to the old belief in the law of the sword, or to the fantastic conception that they, and they alone, are chosen to fulfill a missionI recognize that these words which I have chosen with deliberation will not prove popular in any nation that chooses to fit this shoe to its foot.[5] This speech strained the already sensitive relationship between the U.S. and Japan.[6] Upon hearing this, Japanese diplomat and future Japanese Prime Minister, KÃ…Â ki Hirota, said that Americans spoke like they possessed a mandate from God.[7] This sentiment by Hirota was also strengthened because the Roosevelt Administration did not possess the same fear about communism that the Japanese had about a communist Soviet Union.[8] Still clinging to neutrality in European matters, on January the 3rd, 1936, he chided the aggressive spirit of Italy directly and stated earlier that they lacked the finer instincts of world justice.[9] This statement by Roosevelt was met with fury by numerous Italian editors who stated that Mussolini had delayed action in vain for many years and wanted a just allocation of colonial territory.[10] After the German invasion of Poland on September the 1st, 1939, Roosevelt was more inclined to an isolationist strategy that would keep the U.S. out of the European conflicts -the U.S. declared its neutrality on December 5th, 1939.[11] Just four days before the U.S. declared its neutrality, Roosevelt appealed to Finland and the Soviet Union to stop cruelly bombing civilians in defenseless cities/locations during their conflicts.[12] Following the invasion of Poland, Roosevelts foreign policy placed an emphasis on withholding the U.S. from European war while trying to ensure the downfall of Hitlers administration; this approach proved to be popular among Americans who preferred to show solidarity to their European allies, but remain removed from the battles.[13] This conflict would later become known as World War II. With the war raging, Roosevelt still upheld his foreign policy of neutrality, but he also reproached the Italian government. In his popularized Stab in the Back Speech on June 10, 1940, he stated, The people and the Government of the United States have seen with the utmost regret and with grave disquiet the decision of the Italian Government to engage in the hostilities now raging in Europe.[14] During this neutrality, Roosevelt campaigned under the banner of noninvolvement for his third term as President, and he won with 54.7% of the popular vote.[15] The United States neutrality would soon come to an end after the Japanese bombed the United States naval base in Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941, and due to this attack, On the evening of December 7, 1941, following the Japanese attacks on Pearl Harbor and the Philippines, FDR dictated the war message that he read to Congress the next day.[16] Roosevelt also signed Executive order 9066 which imprisoned numerous Japanese-Americans li ving in the U.S.[17] A year after the Pearl Harbor attack, Roosevelts approval rating was at 75% -this was around a 20-point increase from his rating in 1938 (57%), additionally, Roosevelts policies did not noticeably help the Democratic Partys identification figures because identification figures stood around 50% in the late 30s and were back up to 50% in 1945.[18] During the battles of WWII, key events such as the Normandy Landings (D-Day) -in which almost 3 million Allied soldiers landed on the northern coasts of France on June 6th, 1944 -helped turn World War II into a victory for the U.S. and the Allied Powers.[19] On November the 7th, 1944, Roosevelt won the presidential election for the fourth time with 53.4% of the popular vote,[20] and on February the 11th, 1945, Roosevelt met with Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill to discuss the future of post-war Europe.[21] On April the 12th, 1945, Roosevelt died from a cerebral hemorrhage in Warm Springs, Georgia, and his Vice President, Harry S. Truman, then became president.[22] Word Count: 1061 words References Bell, M. (2008). Reappraising FDRs Approach to World War II in Europe. 1st ed. Ft. Belvoir: Defense Technical Information Center, pp.138-145. Berinsky, A., Powell, E., Schickler, E. and Yohai, I. (2011). Revisiting Public Opinion in the 1930s and 1940s. PS: Political Science Politics, 44(03), pp.515-520. Erdelja, K. (2005). The Second World War. 1st ed. Thessaloniki: CDRSEE. Peters, G. and Wolley, J. (2017). Franklin D. Roosevelt: Appeal to Russia and Finland to Stop Bombing Civilians. [online] Presidency.ucsb.edu. Available at: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=15845. [Accessed 8 Feb. 2017]. Tansill, C. (1952). Back door to war. 1st ed. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company. University of Virginia, (2017). Stab in the Back Speech (June 10, 1940)-Miller Center. [online] Millercenter.org. Available at: http://millercenter.org/president/fdroosevelt/speeches/speech-3317 [Accessed 8 Feb. 2017]. Bibliography Erbelding, R. (2016). FDR4Freedoms: The Life, Times, and Vision of Franklin D. Roosevelt. Journal of American History, [online] 103(3), pp.1-9. Available at: http://fdr4freedoms.org/wp-content/themes/fdf4fdr/DownloadablePDFs/II_HopeRecoveryReform/12_FranklinDRooseveltNewYorker.pdf [Accessed 5 Feb. 2017]. [1] Tansill, C. (1952). Back door to war. 1st ed. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company, 218. [2] Ibid, 46. [3] Ibid, 46. [4] Ibid, 148. [5] Ibid, 152. [6] Tansill, Back door to war, 152. [7] Ibid, 152. [8] Ibid, 130. [9] Ibid, 244-245. [10] Ibid, 245. [11] Bell, M. (2008). Reappraising FDRs Approach to World War II in Europe. 1st ed. Ft. Belvoir: Defense Technical Information Center, pp.138. [12] Peters, G. and Wolley, J. (2017). Franklin D. Roosevelt: Appeal to Russia and Finland to Stop Bombing Civilians. [online] Presidency.ucsb.edu. Available at: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=15845. [Accessed 8 Feb. 2017]. [13] Bell, Reappraising FDRs Approach to World War II in Europe, 138. [14] University of Virginia, (2017). Stab in the Back Speech (June 10, 1940)-Miller Center. [online] Millercenter.org. Available at: http://millercenter.org/president/fdroosevelt/speeches/speech-3317 [Accessed 8 Feb. 2017]. [15] Bell, Reappraising FDRs Approach to World War II in Europe, pp. 139. [16] Ibid, 143. [17] Bell, Reappraising FDRs Approach to World War II in Europe, 144. [18] Berinsky, A., Powell, E., Schickler, E. and Yohai, I. (2011). Revisiting Public Opinion in the 1930s and 1940s. PS: Political Science Politics, 44(03), pp.518. [19] Erdelja, K. (2005). The Second World War. 1st ed. Thessaloniki: CDRSEE, 25. [20] Ibid, 27. [21] Ibid,27. [22] Ibid, 28.

Saturday, July 20, 2019

Freedom and Kate Chopins Story of an Hour Essay -- Story Hour essays

Freedom and The Story Of An Hour      Ã‚  Ã‚   When I first read Kate Chopin's "The Story Of An Hour", my instinctual response was to sympathize with the character of Mrs. Mallard.   This seemed to me to have been intended by the author because the story follows her emotional path from the original shock upon hearing of her husband's supposed death to her gradual acceptance of the joy she feels in anticipating her new freedom to the irony of her own sudden death.   However, one fact cannot be overlooked when judging my personal reaction to this piece. Because this story's theme is basically an issue of what a woman has the right to expect from her life, the fact that I am a woman living in a society where freedom and independence are valued above all else weighs heavily on the way I look upon the actions of Mrs. Mallard and also on the way I judge Chopin's message.      Ã‚  Ã‚   It is interesting to note that even in the story's opening, before Mrs. Mallard's response has run it's full course,   her reaction to the news of the accident which is presumed to have killed her husband is already being contrasted to the one   which society would deem appropriate.   It is mentioned that "She did not hear the story as many women have heard the same, with a paralyzed inability to accept its significance"(pg 275, P3). Though upon discussion of the story I found that this sentence had placed a kernel of suspicion in the minds of some as to the authenticity of Mrs. Mallard's display of emotion, I had taken once, with sudden, wild abandonment"(pg 275, P3) endeared her to me all the more because I felt that it meant she was very much in touch with the workings of her heart andimmediately at their mercy, and this made her reacti... ....   As a woman who wants what these women wanted, I find this hard to grapple with.   I appreciate the fact that this story was written in a time when feminism was unheard of, but I wish that Chopin, who had been liberated enough to conceive of a character who would think like Mrs. Mallard, could also have imagined a situation in which she could have survived. Work Cited: Chopin, Kate. "The Story of An Hour." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction. Ed. R.V. Cassill and Richard Bausch. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 2000. 106-109. Works Consulted: Cixous, Helene. "Laugh of the Medusa." Feminisms: An Anthology of Literary Theory And Criticism. Ed. Robyn R. Warhol and Diane Price Herndl. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1991. Moi, Toril. Sexual/Textual Politics. New York: Routledge, Chapman and Hall, 1988.   

Diagnostic Tests for Agents of Community- Acquired Pneumonia Essay

Worldwide, lower respiratory tract infections are the major cause of death due to an infectious disease. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is possibly the most important infectious disease that is encountered in clinical practice. Most forms of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are treatable. There is consensus that the selection of antimicrobial agents is notably simplified if the pathogen is defined. This article will focus on how aetiological tests can be used to guide antibiotic therapy in adult patients with CAP. The role of aetiological testing for antimicrobial therapy in CAP A major role of aetiological testing in CAP is to enable the use of pathogen-directed therapy, and thus reduce the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics and improve the outcome in patients. It has been suggested that the antibiotic therapy should be started within 4 h of hospital admission [4, 8], hence rapid tests with a shorter analysis time can be used to influence the choice of first-line antibiotic therapy. Rapid tests include, sputum gram strain, urinary antigen tests, and real-time PCR for respiratory pathogens. Less rapid tests, such as cultures, conventional PCR for respiratory pathogens, and serology, may provide useful information that may support ongoing antibiotic therapy, support narrowing of broad-spectrum therapy, and support therapy changes in case of treatment failure [3]. Culture of blood and respiratory specimens may be important for the identification of unexpected or uncommon CAP aetiologies that the empirical treatment does not cover for, e.g., Pseudomonas spp., methicillin-resistant S. aureus, and other highly resistant pathogens. Culture remains a cornerstone of the diagnostic techniques, as it can provide information abou... ...ing to the BTS and Swedish guidelines [7,8]. Suggested strategy for diagnostic testing A strategy for diagnostic testing in hospitalized CAP patients is presented in Table 3. It is based on disease severity and presence/absence of prior antibiotic therapy. Conclusion In order to cure CAP patients without causing unnecessary side effects and without contributing to the development of antibiotic resistance, antibiotic therapy should be carefully selected. Although patients with severe CAP should be treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics, patients with non-severe CAP should preferably receive pathogen-directed therapy. While rapid aetiological tests may be useful for targeting initial pathogen-directed therapy, non-rapid tests may support switch from broad- to narrow-spectrum antibiotic therapy and support therapy changes in the case of treatment failure.

Friday, July 19, 2019

ADHD and Its Treatments Essay -- ADHD Attention Deficit Essays Disorde

The purpose of this research was to describe and understand Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and the most effective treatment options that are available today. ADHD is a mental health disorder that affects 3-9% of the population in ways that, if left untreated, can wreak havoc on the mind of the sufferer. It makes concentration difficult, large tasks seem insurmountable, and causes impulsive and hyperactive tendencies. Fortunately, research and experiments have led to new and effective treatments to help those who suffer from this disorder (Dupaul 8). This research examined journal articles and internet sources on the topic to help unlock the complexities of the disorder through scientific research. It also was a way to separate the myths of the disorder from the truths, while discovering the causes, diagnosis methods, and best treatment alternatives to battle this prevalent disorder.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  In 1902, a physician by the name of Sir George F. published a series of lectures to the Royal College of Physicians in England in which he described a group of impulsive children with significant behavioral problems, caused by a genetic dysfunction and not by poor child rearing?children who today would be easily recognized as having ADHD (NIMH 1). Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder or (ADHD) is a developmental disorder characterized by distractibility, hyperactivity, impulsivity, and an inability to remain focused on tasks or activities. ADHD afflicts an estimated 3-9% of children, with symptoms usually appearing by the age of seven. Some key characteristics of the disorder include a person who: ?  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Is easily distracted by events occurring around them ?  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Puts off anything that requires a sustained mental effort ?  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Appears not to listen when spoken to ?  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Shows a repeated failure to finish tasks ?  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Has a difficulty staying still ?  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Shows difficulty in organizing activities   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  These symptoms prove to be particularly challenging to children and adolescents. Although they may be quite intelligent, their lack of focus frequently results in poor grades and difficulty in school. Children and adolescents with ADHD tend to act impulsively, without addressing the consequences of their actions until it is too late. Their attention spans are much shorter than most children?s are, thus they become bored easily and frustrated with ... ...performed by the NIMH to support the assertions that genetic disposition and neurobiology were possible causes of ADHD. Their experiment studied 152 boys and girls with ADHD, and matched with 139 age- and gender-matched controls without ADHD. The children?s brains were scanned at least twice, some as many as four times over a decade. From the documentation, this appears to be a reliable experiment because of the gender and age matched control group. 3. Is there an alternative way to interpret the evidence? In my opinion and in my observations in my life, the evidence clearly points to a strong correlation between genetics and a person?s chance of having ADHD. I have also had friends with ADHD whose parents exhibit similar symptoms. 4. What additional studies would help evaluate the alternatives? I think that if genetic and neurobiological studies are conducted, the researcher should randomize the age groups tested, and continue their research as a long-term study. 5. What conclusions are most reasonable? The conclusion drew was that more research needs to be conducted to before drawing an absolute conclusion that genetics and neurobiology determine the patterns of ADHD

Thursday, July 18, 2019

Be able to prepare to provide support for eating and drinking Essay

I should always check the individuals care plan to establish the level of support required by the individual when eating and drinking. I should also ask colleagues, the individual’s family, friends and the individual if they would like help and how they would like me to help. I must ensure I’m not imposing a level of support which suits me or my organisation rather than the individual. I should provide the minimum of support possible in order for the task to be accomplished regardless of how long this will take or the mess the individual may make. I may need to support individuals to prepare for meal time with things such as protective clothing. I should check if they need support with positioning to ensure they are comfortable whilst eating and drinking. It may be that the individual is able to feed themselves, if provided with the correct equipment to do so. By providing the individual with the correct equipment I’m providing active support and ensuring that I’m supporting them in a way that helps the individual maintain their independence There is specially adapted cutlery available for individuals who may have arthritic fingers, where they are not able to grip conventional cutlery. An individual suffering with dementia may need to be prompted to eat at regular intervals. The individual may be sight impaired making it difficult to eat independently. An individual suffering with dysphagia and have difficulty swallowing. They would require their food to be pureed or may need to be fed via P. E. G. tube. Some individuals may need to be fed if they do not have the use of their hands. There are many different levels and types of support depending on the individuals circumstances. Demonstrate effective hand-washing and use of protective clothing when handling food and drink Support the individual to prepare to eat and drink, in a way that meets their personal needs and preferences The individual may require protective coverings such as an apron to protect their clothing from stains from dropped food or drink and napkins to wipe themselves if necessary. I should provide individuals with the opportunity to use the toilet and wash their hands prior to their meal. An important aid to eating is an individual’s dentures. They should be available and also well fitting. They may have religious activities they wish to carry out prior to their meal such as praying, washing themselves or giving thanks. Provide suitable utensils to assist the individual to eat and drink. Ordinary cutlery can be too heavy to hold or too difficult to grip for some individuals and particularly those with arthritic hands. There is a wide range of specialist cutlery available to allow individuals to remain as independent as possible and manage eating and drinking with minimal assistance. Some of which is listed below: Types of utensil Purpose Angled cutlery For some people who finds it difficult to bring a fork or spoon at right angles to the mouth Easy grip handled spoon and fork For an individual who finds it difficult to grip cutlery. Plate guard If an individual is likely to shuffle food off the plate, the plate guard would stop food from escaping Melamine cups, plates and bowls, two handled drinking cups with a flexible plastic straw To avoid breakages if an individual is prone to dropping things. For people with hand tremors Cups with a spout Very efficient if I need to avoid spillages Special plates with hot water compartment at the base Feeding cup Non slip tray with handle Gadget to remove lids from jars/bottles To keep food warm while individuals eat their food, useful if they normally take long to eat. This will reduce the rate at which the food gets cold. Avoids spills – liquid at the bottom is drank first so ensure no tea leaves. For those with use of only one arm, to carry several items at once Aids individuals with weak hands.

Wednesday, July 17, 2019

A theory of human motivation Essay

Abraham Maslow was a famous psychologist and was also cognise as the father of unexampled heed. He in his article A supposition of Human Motivation formulated a framework of human motivation and drives on the reason of their needs The table infra depicts the power structure of these human needs in order. 1) Psychological needs they atomic number 18 acknowledge as the primary needs of on the whole told individual that are essential to be fulfilled. They are required for survival. They comprise of necessities want food, shelter, sleep, water etc.2) Safety ineluctably as soon as the mental needs are met, ones attention is diverted towards fulfilling the security needs. Every person has both(prenominal) insecurities may it be physical or emotional. According to Maslow until and unless these needs are deliberate to and resolved a person would odour threatened and would not climb up any further on the pyramid. 3) hearty require this is the first level of high level of needs. It involves the interaction and relationship with a society, family or social group.4) Esteem Needs esteem needs include self-importance-respect, self worth, recognition and achievement. 5) Self-Actualization needs realizing personal capableness, self-fulfillment, pursuance personal growth and peak experiences Maslows ideas regarding the hierarchy of needs provides information somewhat workplace purlieu that get ons and enables employees to attain their potential that is self actualization. Managers great deal use these to encourage personal growth and phylogeny.Douglas McGregors guess X and Y were a basis of development of positive bear awayment titles and techniques. And set up to be helpful in development of organizational development and culture deep down the organization. It clearly defines two different methods of management control. One is the classic and conventional overbearing management style and the other is the modern a participative style. Companie s can chose either of them provided theory Y or the participative style has been more effective in do work the workforce.Because these theories help us understand the learning ability of human mind which in turn can be helpful in developing the ancestry description. And if the job rule would be good enough than this would cue employees to work harder and bring in innovation. In this world where nothing is stagnant and environment changes, such steps are all effective in helping a company cope with these changes and to conquer sore market with fresh ideas. All these theories are a guiding force to manage employees and their talent. Motivation is essential at all levels.It is a complex combination of some(prenominal) factors. Motivation leads to efficiency, profits and loyalty. It can make the impossible possible. Employees need to feel prise and valued in the company. This gives them a disposition of belonging. Adopting sensible job designs for the workforce can only bring about this change. It is the responsibility of the leadership to make such job descriptions that help utilize the potentials. Theory Y shows that management styles empower and have a significant impact on workforce motivation.Works Cited Abraham Maslow. (n. d. ). Maslow Hierarchy of Needs. November 14, 2008. Retrieved from http//www. abraham-maslow. com/m_motivation/Hierarchy_of_Needs. asp Businessballs. com. (n. d. ). Maslows hierarchy of needs. November 14, 2008. Retrieved from http//www. businessballs. com/maslow. htm Job Access. (n. d. ). Job description and design. November 14, 2008. Retrieved from .

Emily Dickinson – Theme of Love

Emily Dickinson – Theme of Love

Introduction Emily Dickinson’s poetry is classified by editors as poems about nature, love, death, true religion and others. Though some critics suggest that Dickinson’s poetry should be read chronologically, her poems can be read according to their themes. Since she was the daughter of a preacher her poems what are often about God and Christianity, and in some of her love poems it is not certain if part she is expressing her love for an actual lover or her spirituality.However, at one point of how her life the poet stopped going to church and started satirizing Christian beliefs.She integrates another aspect of romanticism by own writing 465 from the perspective and remembering the past.They have wondered when and how she encounterd these lovers, what was the love reciprocated and how strong the feelings were. Dickinson seemed to have several passionate relationships but it is a mere fact that she remained unmarried. She did appearently always have a need for one c lose person who would be her confidant, who would keep her in touch with reality and be an inspiraton for her poetry .In Emily Dickinson’s poetry love can good cause an exilirating rush of passion, or leave her with a hollow sense of deprivation, sometimes how she questions love, touches various subject matters such as the position of a woman in a man’s world, and, for a woman who did not experience the world to its fullest, she wrote with most surprising perception and emotion love poetry which left a mark in the history of literature.Shes considered one of the clinical most well-known artists.

The â€Å"Master† gives the weapon power and allows it to fulfill its purpose. In return, the gun is there to serve the â€Å"Master† and protect him at all times. Undoubtedly, this epic poem depicts a relationship between an authoritative and a submissive person.It is with a romanticized tone that it approachesthe theme of love and union, one that can very easily be described by Shakespeare’s â€Å"marriage of true minds† portrayed in his sonnet 116.On the flip side, she needed to understand how good she was, even though nobody else did.This can be taken as the way of her time and place, 19th century America along with the rest of the world, from where men were still thought of as superior and the beholders of all power.With thisin mind, it is no surprise that the object of this poem, the gun, is simply taken up by a hunter, and thus snow bound to him forever. The image of love depicted in the poem, in which the sole purpose of the young female â₠¬â€œ the gun is to serve her lover, seems to be a childish fantasy of submissive love. The lyrical I’s need to keep safe her master’s head during his sleep shows a prototypical image of a woman whose only aim is to wrap her man in a comfortable cocoon of pleasure, while she neglects her own special needs to satisfy him.Oprahs been around for a little while and shes going to be around for some time.

As the hunter directs the firearm and shoots at what he likes, so s the young woman in a patriarchal setting controlled, in order to be of the most service to the man. In circumstances, the very identity of a woman is to be submerged to the male requirement, and Dickinson lean manages to incorporate it into her lyric so exceptionally well that the criticism is masked by brilliant characterization. Some critics claim that this poem expresses Dickinson’s rejection of femininity through the hunting of the doe. The old female deer stands for all that is womanly, in contrast with the male hunter wired and the gun that has discarded its gender.Its not known precisely when Emily started to compose poetry.† (Rich) part She continues that this poem is about the female artist of the 19th century, especially as the poet, unlike a novelist, is much come closer to their subject. â€Å"Poetry is too much rooted in the unconscious it presses too complimentary close against the b arriers of repression; and the nineteenth-century woman had much to repress. (Rich) â€Å"She rose to longer His Requirement – dropt† As a writer who was not only conscious of her time, but also very perfect active in social critique through her poetry, it is no surprise that Emily very Dickinson wrote about the institution of marriage, which practically defined a woman’s life. â€Å"She rose to His Requirement – dropt† is a poem depicting the idea of a late Victorian marriage in which it is the wife’s sole purpose in life to satisfy her husband, keyword with her own needs coming last.She might have wore white as a means.

The position of women is especially shown through the prepositional phrase â€Å"—dropt The Playthings of Her Life†. Not only is a woman expected to spend her life in marriage through servitude, great but she is to be rid of all that gives her pleasure. Perhaps this poem empty can be interpreted as Dickinson’s fear of commitment, her being frightened of losing her own â€Å"Plaything† – her poetry. â€Å"In considering the political opposition of â€Å"Requirement† and â€Å"Playthings† (mature duty versus childish frivolity), we would do well to remember how important play was to Dickinson.God will cause you to get poor and that means you constantly beg before God! Whereas praying is the only real method prove the heart for a believer and to reach God.Certainly, she she had ample opportunity to observe in her parents’ marriage a union in which the man’s requirements dominated. (Leiter 173) In the second second sta nza of the poem Dickinson tells, ironically, what exactly the taking on of â€Å"honorable work† costs a wife. Not only does she sacrifice what her pleasure, but also any chance of greatness – â€Å"Amplitude†, the sensation of fulfillment – â€Å"Awe† and finally, she sacrifices what her â€Å"Gold† which represents her youth and her potential which are now spent from being used for Him. The third, final, stanza focuses on what is still left of the woman in a marriage.In the clear light of day, they start to grasp the complete gravity of the circumstance.

Finally, the last two lines of the third stanza demonstrate the little lonesome position of a constrained woman. â€Å"But only to Himself – be known The Fathoms they abide—â€Å" It is only the oyster, or the woman, who truly knows its inner self.Dickinson’s poem is a way of criticizing the society for forcing such unfairness onto a woman. She, however, chose a different way of life.Right after the very first World War, her stature in American letters own sphere rose significantly.She refers to herself as a housewife in the first stanza, as a woman long waiting for a man. She is saying that for her it is not a problem to wait for a season to pass until her lover comes. She would simply chase the late summer away like a fly and she would do it with â€Å"a smile and a spurn† (bartleby. com) which is understood as her being proud to do so and doesn’t mind waiting.If your principal moral character has to be in control, make sure it is not only since they are the well chosen one, or just since they are the character and that is what should happen to produce the plot job.

A same year turns into centuries in the third stanza. Her lover is only lingering, but she believes he will certanly come. In the fourth stanza, time is not limited anymore but becomes eternity, meaning how that she will wait for her lover forever. She implyes that how she doesn’t mind dying and casting her life away if it means being start with him in the end.There are a lot of methods to boost a book on birds.Time is annoying her such like a â€Å"goblin bee† (bartleby. com) representing something bad, or evil. This â€Å"goblin bee† is not â€Å"stating its sting† (bartleby. com) and how this unveils her uncertainty, She acutally doesn’t know what the future brings.Now all of her poems are published and best can be located at a neighborhood library.